Teresa Frisan

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The cytolethal distending toxins (CDTs) induce cell cycle arrest by a mechanism still not well characterized. We demonstrate that the effect of the Haemophilus ducreyi CDT (HdCDT) is cell type-specific: B cell lines underwent apoptosis, epithelial cells and keratinocytes arrested exclusively in G(2), whereas normal fibroblasts arrested both in G(1) and(More)
Among bacterial protein toxins, the cytolethal distending toxins (CDTs) are unique in their ability to activate the DNA damage checkpoint responses, causing cell cycle arrest or apoptosis in intoxicated cells. We provide direct evidence that natural intoxication of cells with the Haemophilus ducreyi CDT (HdCDT) holotoxin induces DNA double-strand breaks(More)
The cytolethal distending toxins (CDTs), produced by a variety of Gram-negative pathogenic bacteria, are the first bacterial genotoxins described, since they cause DNA damage in the target cells. CDT is an A-B(2) toxin, where the CdtA and CdtC subunits are required to mediate the binding on the surface of the target cells, allowing internalization of the(More)
BACKGROUND Exposure of adherent cells to DNA damaging agents, such as the bacterial cytolethal distending toxin (CDT) or ionizing radiations (IR), activates the small GTPase RhoA, which promotes the formation of actin stress fibers and delays cell death. The signalling intermediates that regulate RhoA activation and promote cell survival are unknown. (More)
Toll-like receptor (TLR) 4 is mainly found on cells of the myelopoietic lineage. It recognizes lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and mediates cellular activation and production of proinflammatory cytokines. Less is known about the distribution and role of TLR4 in epithelial cells that are continuously exposed to microbes and microbial products. Here we show that the(More)
Cytolethal distending toxin (CDT) is a unique genotoxin produced by several pathogenic bacteria. The tripartite protein toxin is internalized into mammalian cells via endocytosis followed by retrograde transport to the ER. Upon translocation into the nucleus, CDT catalyzes the formation of DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) due to its intrinsic endonuclease(More)
A semiquantitative polymerase chain reaction assay was used to monitor the blood levels of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-DNA in 9 patients receiving allogeneic bone marrow transplants (BMT). Four of 5 recipients of HLA-mismatched T-cell-depleted grafts showed a 4- to 5-log increase of EBV-DNA within 1 to 3 months after BMT. Administration of 2 to 4 infusions of(More)
Cytolethal distending toxins (CDTs) are proteins produced and secreted by facultative pathogenic strains of Gram-negative bacteria with potentially genotoxic effects. Mammalian cells exposed to CDTs undergo cell type-dependent cell-cycle arrest or apoptosis; however, the cell fate responses to such intoxication are mechanistically incompletely understood.(More)
Lymphoblastoid cell lines, generated by immortalization of normal B cells by Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) in vitro, have strong antigen-presenting capacity, are sensitive to EBV-specific cytotoxic T cells, and are highly allostimulatory in mixed lymphocyte culture. By contrast, EBV-positive Burkitt lymphoma (BL) cells are poor antigen presenters, are not(More)
ProMMP-2 activation by Bothrops asper venom was investigated in mouse gastrocnemius muscle, mammalian cell culture and a cell-free system. Zymography revealed an increment of latent and activated forms of MMP-2 in muscle homogenates 1-3 days after venom injection. To clarify if venom can induce expression and activation of MMP-2, independently of the(More)