Teresa D. Tetley

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The recognition of potentially harmful microorganisms involves the specific recognition of pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) and the family of Toll-like receptors (TLRs) is known to play a central role in this process. TLR-4 is the major recognition receptor for lipopolysaccharide (LPS), a component of gram-negative bacterial cell walls,(More)
Bacterial colonization is a secondary feature of many lung disorders associated with elevated cytokine levels and increased leukocyte recruitment. We hypothesized that, alongside macrophages, the epithelium would be an important source of these mediators. We investigated the effect of LPS (0, 10, 100, and 1000 ng/ml LPS, up to 24 h) on primary human lung(More)
Macrophages are long-lived effector cells within the lung. They are reactive, responding to endogenous and exogenous stimuli, as well as proactive, producing mediators that modulate the behavior of surrounding cells. In addition, they play a critical role in the clearance of apoptotic neutrophils. Their role in COPD probably reflects a number of functional(More)
An early response to cigarette smoke is an influx of leukocytes into the lung. Alveolar epithelial type II (ATII) cells may contribute by releasing chemokines in response to cigarette smoke and neutrophil elastase (NE). Human ATII cells were purified from normal regions of lungs resected for carcinoma (n = 14). In vitro, these cells exhibited ATII cell(More)
Highly purified populations of alveolar epithelial cells (type II pneumocytes) were isolated from human lung specimens. These cells were characterised histochemically, by demonstrating the presence of intracellular alkaline phosphatase, and morphologically, by electron microscopic demonstration of lamellar bodies and microvilli. Expression of the epithelial(More)
A major contributory factor to the development of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is the inflammatory response to cigarette smoke. However, when those with COPD stop smoking, a continuous cycle of inflammation can lead to continued decline in lung function. Understanding the role of inflammatory cells in COPD is difficult because it is a(More)
Elafin, a low molecular-weight proteinase inhibitor, is a member of the recently described trappin gene family. These proteins are thought to play important roles in the regulation of inflammation and are expressed in multiple epithelia. Elafin is found within the lung, and its expression can be induced by inflammatory mediators. The molecular mechanisms(More)
Lipocortins are structurally related, glucocorticoid-inducible proteins that inhibit phospholipase A2 (PLA2), thereby reducing the liberation of arachidonic acid from phospholipids and so limiting the synthesis of eicosanoid inflammatory mediators. This study is the first demonstration of one lipocortin, lipocortin 1 (Lc 1; 37 kDa), in human lung lavage(More)
The mitochondrial release of cytochrome c and Smac/DIABLO has been implicated in the activation of apoptosis in response to cell stress. Smac promotes cytochrome c-induced activation of caspases by sequestering the inhibitor of apoptosis protein (IAP) family of potent caspase suppressors. Differential release from mitochondria of cytochrome c and Smac can(More)