Learn More
Here we report that in skeletal muscle cells the contribution to insulin resistance and inflammation of two common dietary long-chain fatty acids depends on the channeling of these lipids to distinct cellular metabolic fates. Exposure of cells to the saturated fatty acid palmitate led to enhanced diacylglycerol levels and the consequent activation of the(More)
Although the substitution of saturated fatty acids with oleate has been recommended in the management of type 2 diabetes mellitus, the mechanisms by which oleate improves insulin resistance in skeletal muscle cells are not completely known. Here, we examined whether oleate, through activation of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), prevented(More)
The mechanisms by which elevated levels of free fatty acids cause insulin resistance are not well understood. Previous studies have reported that insulin-resistant states are characterized by a reduction in the expression of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma coactivator (PGC)-1, a transcriptional activator that promotes oxidative capacity in(More)
The mechanisms by which elevated levels of free fatty acids cause insulin resistance are not well understood. Previous studies have reported that insulin-resistant states are characterized by a reduction in the expression of peroxisome proliferator–activated receptorcoactivator (PGC)-1, a transcriptional activator that promotes oxidative capacity in(More)
Owing to its high fat content, the classical Western diet has a range of adverse effects on the heart, including enhanced inflammation, hypertrophy, and contractile dysfunction. Proinflammatory factors secreted by cardiac cells, which are under the transcriptional control of nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB), may contribute to heart failure and dilated(More)
AIMS Nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) is a transcription factor induced by a wide range of stimuli, including hyperglycaemia and pro-inflammatory cytokines. It is associated with cardiac hypertrophy and heart failure. It was previously reported that the NF-kappaB-mediated inhibition of proliferator-activated receptor-gamma coactivator-1alpha (PGC-1alpha)(More)
AIMS Inflammatory responses in the heart that are driven by sustained increases in cytokines have been associated with several pathological processes, including cardiac hypertrophy and heart failure. Emerging data suggest a link between cardiomyopathy and myocardial metabolism dysregulation. To further elucidate the relationship between a pro-inflammatory(More)
OBJECTIVE Chronic activation of the nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) in white adipose tissue leads to increased production of pro-inflammatory cytokines, which are involved in the development of insulin resistance. It is presently unknown whether peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) beta/delta activation prevents inflammation in adipocytes. (More)
UNLABELLED High fructose intake contributes to the overall epidemic of obesity and metabolic disease. Here we examined whether atorvastatin treatment blocks the activation of the carbohydrate response element binding protein (ChREBP) in the fructose-fed rat. Fructose feeding increased blood pressure (21%, P < 0.05), plasma free fatty acids (59%, P < 0.01),(More)
Mitochondrial dysfunction is involved in the development of aging. Here, we examined the effect of aging on the skeletal muscle expression of two isoforms of the transcriptional peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma) coactivator-1 (PGC-1) in an experimental murine model of accelerated aging, the senescence-accelerated mouse (SAM). The(More)