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Venomous organisms have evolved a variety of structurally diverse peptide neurotoxins that target ion channels. Despite the lack of any obvious structural homology, unrelated toxins that interact with voltage-activated K(+) channels share a dyad motif composed of a lysine and a hydrophobic amino acid residue, usually a phenylalanine or a tyrosine.(More)
Polycomb-group proteins are transcriptional repressors with essential roles in embryonic development. Polycomb repressive complex 2 (PRC2) contains the methyltransferase activity for Lys27. However, the role of other histone modifications in regulating PRC2 activity is just beginning to be understood. Here we show that direct recognition of methylated(More)
Although highly homologous, the spliceosomal hPrp31 and the nucleolar Nop56 and Nop58 (Nop56/58) proteins recognize different ribonucleoprotein (RNP) particles. hPrp31 interacts with complexes containing the 15.5K protein and U4 or U4atac small nuclear RNA (snRNA), whereas Nop56/58 associate with 15.5K-box C/D small nucleolar RNA complexes. We present(More)
In structure-based drug design, the relative orientation of two competitive ligands A and B in the receptor binding pocket plays a central role in the design of high-affinity drug candidates from weakly bound lead compounds. In this communication we report on the observation of interligand spin-diffusion-mediated transferred-NOE data, which have the(More)
KappaM-conotoxin RIIIK blocks TSha1 K+ channels from trout with high affinity by interacting with the ion channel pore. As opposed to many other peptides targeting K+ channels, kappaM-RIIIK does not possess a functional dyad. In this study we combine thermodynamic mutant cycle analysis and docking calculations to derive the binding mode of kappaM-conotoxin(More)
Piwi proteins are germline-specific Argonautes that associate with small RNAs called Piwi-interacting RNAs (piRNAs), and together with these RNAs are implicated in transposon silencing. The PAZ domain of Argonaute proteins recognizes the 3'-end of the RNA, which in the case of piRNAs is invariably modified with a 2'-O-methyl group. Here, we present the(More)
Nucleic acids are gaining enormous importance as key molecules in almost all biological processes. Most nucleic acids do not act in isolation but are generally associated with proteins to form high-molecular-weight nucleoprotein complexes. In this perspective article I focus on the structural studies of supra-molecular ribonucleoprotein (RNP) assemblies in(More)
The 2'-hydroxyl group plays fundamental roles in both the structure and the function of RNA, and is the major determinant of the conformational and thermodynamic differences between RNA and DNA. Here, we report a conformational analysis of 2'-OH groups of the HIV-2 TAR RNA by means of NMR scalar coupling measurements in solution. Our analysis supports the(More)