Learn More
The action of the phenolic compounds acetaminophen, salicylate, and 5-aminosalicylate (5-ASA) as inhibitors of lipid peroxidation was studied under conditions suitable for establishing their antioxidant potencies. These phenolic compounds react differently with diphenylpicrylhydrazyl (DPPH) and protect differently sarcoplasmic reticulum membranes against(More)
Resveratrol (3,4',5-trihydroxystilbene) is a natural phytoalexin synthesized in response to injury or fungal attack, found in the grape skin and wine, specially red wine. A large number of studies have demonstrated that resveratrol regulates many biological activities, namely protection against atherosclerosis by a set of pharmacological properties,(More)
The antioxidant activities of methanol and ethyl ether extracts obtained from Thymus zygis, collected during the flowering or non-flowering period, were evaluated and compared. To investigate this potential, extracts were tested on their capacity to react with diphenylpicrylhydrazyl (DPPH) in a homogeneous medium, and to inhibit Fe2+/ascorbate-induced(More)
Oxidative modification of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) represents an important factor in atherogenesis. In the present study, we have investigated the antioxidant capability of diphenyl diselenide (PhSe)(2), a simple organoseleno compound, against copper (Cu2+) and peroxyl radical-induced human LDL oxidation in vitro. In initial studies using human serum,(More)
Anthocyanins have received increasing attention because of their relatively high intake in humans and wide range of potential health-promoting effects, including anti-atherogenic properties. Evidences support their vascular protective effects but the involved molecular mechanisms have not been well clarified. The endothelium seems to have a central role in(More)
Oxidative damage has been implicated in the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel diseases. 5-Aminosalicylic acid (5-ASA), the anti-inflammatory drug commonly used in the treatment of this condition, has been shown to possess antioxidant properties considered to be of particular importance in the pathologic context of these diseases. However, its action(More)
Respiratory allergy to low-molecular-weight chemicals is a current concern in the context of occupational health, and a certified method to identify respiratory allergens is still under investigation. The aim of this work was to unveil some of the poorly understood initial molecular events and toxicity pathways underlying respiratory sensitization, which(More)
Tamoxifen (TAM) is the antiestrogen most widely used in the chemotherapy and chemoprevention of breast cancer. It has been reported that TAM and its more active metabolite 4-hydroxytamoxifen (OHTAM) induce multiple cellular effects, including antioxidant actions. Here sarcoplasmic reticulum membranes (SR) were used as a simple model of oxidation to clarify(More)
The fluorescent polyunsaturated parinaric acid (PnA) incorporated in sarcoplasmic reticulum membranes (SR) was used to probe the initial stages of membrane lipid peroxidation. The experimental set up of the PnA assay was investigated by means of several peroxidation initiators to ascertain peroxidation conditions. This assay in SR is particularly useful to(More)
Peroxynitrite has been shown to modify low-density lipoproteins (LDL) into a form recognized by the macrophage scavenger receptor, suggesting that it may play a significant role in atherogenesis. Considering that the mechanisms underlying LDL modifications by this agent have not been well elucidated, the aim of this study was to characterize the chemical(More)