Teresa Arbeloa Lopez

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The literature on Conium maculatum biochemistry and toxicology, dispersed in a large number of scientific publications, has been put together in this review. C. maculatum is a weed known almost worldwide by its toxicity to many domestic animals and to human beings. It is an Umbelliferae, characterized by long, hollow stems, reaching up to 2 m height at(More)
Zearalenone production by Fusarium graminearum and Fusarium oxysporum was studied under two temperature conditions. Incubation at 25 degrees C for 4 weeks enhanced zearalenone synthesis, improving detection of zearalenone-producing strains of Fusarium oxysporum. Zearalenone production was either totally or partially inhibited when temperature was lowered to(More)
Vicia villosa (hairy vetch) is used as a forage source in some cattle-producing areas in Argentina. The plant had no previous reports of toxicity in this country. A herd of 33 Aberdeen Angus bulls grazed during 20 days in October on a pasture composed mainly of hairy vetch. Eight animals developed conjunctivitis, rinitis, dermatitis, loss of hair and fever.(More)
Aberdeen Angus (AA) and crossbred AA x Hereford 8-9 mo old heifers (560 animals) showed a typical perennial ryegrass (PRG) staggers syndrome after grazing 26 d in a 25-hectare paddock of pure Lolium perenne. Effects were observed in about 50% of the herd. When forced to move, the animals showed incoordination, weakening of the forelimbs, falling on the(More)
Individual loci of economic importance (QTL) can be detected by comparing the inheritance of a trait and the inheritance of loci with alleles readily identifiable by laboratory methods (genetic markers). Data on allele segregation at the individual level are costly and alternatives have been proposed that make use of allele frequencies among progeny, rather(More)
Six breeding rams were fed a diet containing 12 mg of zearalenone daily for eight weeks. A control group of six rams was fed a diet free of zearalenone. The weekly production of spermatozoa of both groups was measured during the period of administration of zearalenone and for six weeks after the administration of zearalenone ceased. Semen production was(More)
Researchers at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) are developing a new solid-state high-voltage Marx modulator for the generation of pulsed power. The initial application of the LANL modulator is to provide power to a magnetron that requires a 46-kV, 160-A, 5-μs rectangular pulse. This modulator technology is also being developed for other applications,(More)
A herd of 135 Aberdeen Angus cows were grazing on pastures containing abundant Senecio selloi in the eastern region of Buenos Aires Province, Argentina. Some undiagnosed deaths were observed during 1989. In 1990 the death count raised to 38 animals, all of them showing the same clinical signs and gross and histopathological lesions. The time from the start(More)
A field case is described in which all prepuberal swine of a group of 20 pigs and 11 sows showed marked estrogenic effects. These consisted of enlarged mammary glands, swelled tumefacient vulva, and greatly enlarged internal reproductive organs. The corn used to feed these animals was found to contain 56 ppm zearalenone. Deoxynivalenol (4.9 ppm) was found(More)
Poisoning of domestic animals happens frequently in the southeast of Buenos Aires Province (Argentina). Intoxications are produced mainly by the ingestion of plants and mycotoxins, but animals are rarely affected simultaneously by both types of agents. One herd of pigs suffered simultaneous intoxications by ergot alkaloids from Claviceps purpurea sclerotia(More)