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Management of pain by opioid analgesics is confounded by central adverse effects that limit clinical dosages. Consequently, there is considerable interest to understand peripheral analgesic effects of opioids. The actions of opioids on peripheral sensory neurons have been difficult to study because of a general lack of effect of opioid agonists on(More)
The effects of dietary protein restriction on mineral and bone metabolism are uncharacterized. We studied growing rats fed a diet low in protein (5%) for 4, 6, and 8 wks (n = 10 animals/group) and compared them with animals pair-fed with a protein-replete (18%) diet. The low-protein diet rapidly induced a profound hypocalciuria that persisted for greater(More)
Recent studies have suggested that prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)) subtype receptors (EP) are involved in cellular proliferation and tumor development. We studied the role of EP(1) and EP(4) PGE(2) subtype receptor antagonists AH-6809 and AH-23848B, respectively, in serum-induced 3T6 fibroblast proliferation. This was significantly reduced in a dose-dependent(More)
Several studies indicate that phospholipase A(2) (PLA(2)) expression and/or activation account for the high levels of arachidonic acid (AA) detected in cancer and, together with the elevated expression of cyclooxygenase-2, lead to cell proliferation and tumor formation. Using Caco-2 cells, a human colorectal carcinoma cell, we studied the role of(More)
The dopamine transporter (DAT) regulates extracellular dopamine DA levels and is an important site of action for amphetamine and cocaine. Amphetamine and cocaine increase extracellular levels of DA by acting on the DAT; thus, variations in DAT binding sites or activity might influence the action of some drugs of abuse. It was hypothesized that(More)
p-Methoxyamphetamine (PMA) has been implicated in fatalities as a result of 'ecstasy' (MDMA) overdose worldwide. Like MDMA, acute effects are associated with marked changes in serotonergic neurotransmission, but the long-term effects of PMA are poorly understood. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of repeated PMA administration on in vitro(More)
The post-transcriptional process of mRNA editing changes up to three amino acids in the second intracellular domain (i2) of the serotonin(2C) (5-HT(2C)) receptor and alters some signaling characteristics of the receptor. Here, we report that the substitution of valine for isoleucine (I156V; 5-HT(2C-VNI)), which occurs naturally as a result of mRNA editing,(More)
5-Methyl-1-[[2-[(2-methyl-3-pyridyl)oxyl]-5-pyridyl]carbamoyl]-6-trifluoromethylindone (SB 243213) is a selective, high-affinity 5-hydroxytryptamine (serotonin)(2C) receptor ligand that has been previously characterized as a competitive 5-HT(2C) receptor antagonist that has a long duration of activity in vivo. It is active in two preclinical models of(More)
Topical application of TPA to a murine ear induced an edema that was accompanied by eicosanoid biosynthesis and an early enhancement of prostaglandin H synthase 2 (PGHS-2) expression. PGHS-2 induction may be correlated with the time-course of TPA-induced edema formation. Treatment with drugs that inhibit AA mobilization such as dexamethasone or manoalide or(More)
The purpose of this study was to elucidate the role of NO and O2 on enzymatic components of cyclooxygenase (COX) pathway in peritoneal macrophages. Activation of murine peritoneal macrophages by lipopolysaccharides (LPS) resulted in time-dependent production of nitric oxide (NO) and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2). This stimulation was also accompanied by the(More)