Teresa A. Rummans

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This report reviews the state of the literature and opportunities for research related to "executive control function" (ECF). ECF has recently been separated from the specific cognitive domains (memory, language, and praxis) traditionally used to assess patients. ECF impairment has been associated with lesions to the frontal cortex and its basal(More)
BACKGROUND Although electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) has been shown to be extremely effective for the acute treatment of major depression, it has never been systematically assessed as a strategy for relapse prevention. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the comparative efficacy of continuation ECT (C-ECT) and the combination of lithium carbonate plus nortriptyline(More)
Psychiatric disorders frequently complicate recovery and rehabilitation from traumatic brain injury (TBI). This study reviews the literature from 1978 to 2006 on psychosis, depression, posttraumatic stress disorder, mania, and aggression following nonpenetrating TBI. The studies were reviewed using the American Academy of Neurology's criteria for(More)
BACKGROUND Hot flashes can be troublesome, especially when hormonal therapy is contraindicated. Preliminary data have suggested that newer antidepressants, such as venlafaxine, can diminish hot flashes. We undertook a double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomised trial to assess the efficacy of venlafaxine in women with a history of breast cancer or(More)
CONTEXT Prophylactic mastectomy is a preventive option for women who wish to reduce their risk of breast cancer. There has been concern about possible negative psychological sequelae following this procedure. However, few data are available regarding long-term satisfaction and psychological and social function following this procedure. OBJECTIVE To(More)
Caregivers of patients with brain tumors frequently identify cognitive impairment in their loved ones as their greatest burden, but only one published study has examined a cognitive-rehabilitation intervention for adults with brain tumors. Emotional distress and poor quality of life (QOL) also have been identified as important issues, yet they have been(More)
OBJECTIVES To collect normative data, assess differences between demographic groups, and indirectly compare US and Canadian medical systems relative to patient expectations of involvement in cancer treatment decision making. STUDY DESIGN Meta-analysis. METHODS Individual patient data were compiled across 6 clinical studies among 3491 patients with(More)
The general public and the medical community often perceive dying patients' quality of life (QOL) as rapidly deteriorating before death. However, with appropriate palliative services, this effect may be positively modified. Objective data are lacking on the true experience of dying from the point of view of the patient that this pilot study begins to(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the relative efficacy of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) in psychotic and nonpsychotic patients with unipolar major depression. METHODS The outcome of an acute ECT course in 253 patients with nonpsychotic (n = 176) and psychotic (n = 77) unipolar major depression was assessed in the first phase of an ongoing National Institute of(More)
BACKGROUND A past history of major depression or alcoholism has been associated with poorer smoking treatment outcomes. AIM To evaluate the efficacy of bupropion for smoking cessation in smokers with a former history of major depression or alcoholism, and changes in depressive symptoms during smoking abstinence. METHOD Data were drawn from a multicentre(More)