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CONTEXT The cause of declining testosterone (T) in aging men and their relationships with risk factors are unclear. OBJECTIVE The objective of the study was to investigate the relationships between lifestyle and health with reproductive hormones in aging men. DESIGN This was a baseline cross-sectional survey on 3200 community-dwelling men aged 40-79 yr(More)
Quantitative ultrasound of the heel captures heel bone properties that independently predict fracture risk and, with bone mineral density (BMD) assessed by X-ray (DXA), may be convenient alternatives for evaluating osteoporosis and fracture risk. We performed a meta-analysis of genome-wide association (GWA) studies to assess the genetic determinants of heel(More)
Our aim was to determine the prevalence of radiographically defined vertebral deformity, as a marker of vertebral osteoporosis, in different regions and populations within Europe. We used a cross-sectional population-based survey. Population-based sampling frames were obtained from 36 centers in 19 European countries. Stratified random sampling was used to(More)
BACKGROUND Although there is evidence that vitamin D inadequacy may be linked to adverse cognitive outcomes, results from studies on this topic have been inconsistent. The aim of this trial was to examine the association between 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) levels and cognitive performance in middle-aged and older European men. METHODS This(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the influence of sex hormones on markers of bone turnover and to explore the association between these markers and bone health in middle-aged and elderly European men. DESIGN A cross-sectional population-based survey. METHODS Men aged 40-79 years were recruited from population registers in eight European centres. Subjects completed a(More)
INTRODUCTION Limited information is available concerning the general and sexual health status of European men. AIM To investigate the age-related changes in general and sexual health in middle-aged and older men from different countries of the European Union. METHODS This is a cross-sectional multicenter survey performed on a sample of 3,369(More)
BACKGROUND Few published data link overweight and obesity with measures of quality of life (QoL) including sexual health in men. OBJECTIVE To assess the association of overweight/obesity with impairment of physical and psychological QoL and sexual functions in men. DESIGN AND SETTING Cross-sectional, multicentre survey of 3369 community-dwelling men(More)
The aim of this population-based prospective study was to determine the incidence of limb fracture by site and gender in different regions of Europe. Men and women aged 50-79 years were recruited from population registers in 31 European centers. Subjects were invited to attend for an interviewer-administered questionnaire and lateral spinal radiographs.(More)
BACKGROUND Vertebral fractures are associated with back pain and disability; however, relatively little is known about the impact of radiographic vertebral fractures on quality of life in population samples. The aim of this study was to determine the impact of a recent radiographic vertebral fracture on health-related quality of life (HRQoL). METHODS Men(More)
The aim of this analysis was to determine the influence of lifestyle, anthropometric and reproductive factors on the subsequent risk of incident vertebral fracture in men and women aged 50-79 years. Subjects were recruited from population registers from 28 centers across Europe. At baseline, they completed an interviewer-administered questionnaire and had(More)