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Caveolae are 50- to 100-nm omega-shaped invaginations of the plasma membrane that function as regulators of signal transduction. Caveolins are a class of oligomeric structural proteins that are both necessary and sufficient for caveolae formation. Interestingly, caveolin-1 has been implicated in the pathogenesis of oncogenic cell transformation,(More)
Recent studies have shown that caveolin-1 (Cav-1) plays an important role as a regulator of angiogenesis in vitro. Here, we use Cav-1 knockout (KO) mice as a model system to examine the in vivo relevance of these findings. A primary mediator of angiogenesis is basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF). Thus, we studied bFGF-induced angiogenesis in Cav-1 KO mice(More)
Caveolae are vesicular organelles (50-100-nm in diameter) that are particularly abundant in cells of the cardiovascular system, including endothelial cells, smooth muscle cells, macrophages, cardiac myocytes and fibroblasts. In these cell types, caveolae function both in protein trafficking and signal transduction, as well as in cholesterol homeostasis.(More)
Caveolin-3 (Cav-3) is expressed predominantly in skeletal muscle fibers, where it drives caveolae formation at the muscle cell's plasma membrane. In vitro studies have suggested that Cav-3 may play a positive role in insulin signaling and energy metabolism. We directly address the in vivo metabolic consequences of genetic ablation of Cav-3 in mice as it(More)
Several lines of evidence suggest that a functional relationship exists between caveolin-1 and insulin signaling. However, it remains unknown whether caveolin-1 is normally required for proper insulin receptor signaling in vivo. To address this issue, we examined the status of insulin receptor signaling in caveolin-1 (-/-)-deficient (Cav-1 null) mice. Here,(More)
Epipodophyllotoxins are associated with leukemias characterized by translocations of the MLL gene at chromosome band 11q23 and other translocations. Cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A metabolizes epipodophyllotoxins and other chemotherapeutic agents. CYP3A metabolism generates epipodophyllotoxin catechol and quinone metabolites, which could damage DNA. There is a(More)
Here, we show that a caveolin-1 (Cav-1) deficiency leads to an amplification of the adult mammary stem cell population, both in vivo and in vitro. First, the expression of two stem cell markers, Sca-1 and Keratin 6, is dramatically increased in the hyperplastic mammary ducts of Cav-1 deficient mice, suggesting that loss of Cav-1 induces the accumulation of(More)
Recently, it was shown that caveolin-1 can be redirected from the cell surface to intracellular lipid droplets in a variety of cell types. Here, we directly address the role of caveolin-1 in lipid droplet formation and breakdown, showing that caveolin-1 null mice exhibit markedly attenuated lipolytic activity. Mechanistically, although the activity of(More)
Caveolin-1 (Cav-1) is a protein marker for caveolae organelles, and acts as a scaffolding protein to negatively regulate the activity of signaling molecules by binding to and releasing them in a timely fashion. We have previously shown that loss of Cav-1 promotes the proliferation of mouse embryo fibroblasts (MEFs) in vitro. Here, to investigate the in vivo(More)
We examined the MLL genomic translocation breakpoint in acute myeloid leukemia of infant twins. Southern blot analysis in both cases showed two identical MLL gene rearrangements indicating chromosomal translocation. The rearrangements were detectable in the second twin before signs of clinical disease and the intensity relative to the normal fragment(More)