Terence M. Doherty

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CONTEXT Guidelines advise that all adults undergo coronary heart disease (CHD) risk assessment to guide preventive treatment intensity. Although the Framingham Risk Score (FRS) is often recommended for this, it has been suggested that risk assessment may be improved by additional tests such as coronary artery calcium scoring (CACS). OBJECTIVES To(More)
Toll-like receptors (TLRs) and the downstream adaptor molecule myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88) play an essential role in the innate immune responses. Here, we demonstrate that genetic deficiency of TLR4 or MyD88 is associated with a significant reduction of aortic plaque areas in atherosclerosis-prone apolipoprotein E-deficient mice, despite(More)
IL-10 has previously been shown to inhibit cytokine production by Th1 cells by blocking macrophage accessory cell function. In this study we demonstrate that dendritic cell-induced Th1 proliferation was unaffected by IL-10, whereas macrophage-stimulated proliferation was inhibited in the same system. In contrast dendritic cell induced IFN-gamma production(More)
Pathologists have recognized arterial calcification for over a century. Recent years have witnessed a strong resurgence of interest in atherosclerotic plaque calcification because it: 1) can be easily detected noninvasively; 2) closely correlates with the amount of atherosclerotic plaque; 3) serves as a surrogate measure for atherosclerosis, allowing(More)
IL-15 is a recently described cytokine which resembles IL-2 in its biologic activities, stimulating T cell and NK cell proliferation and activation as well as enhancing B cell expansion and Ab production. Unlike IL-2, IL-15 is not produced by lymphocytes, but instead (at least among cells of the immune system) appears to be synthesized primarily by(More)
Here we investigated the role of the Nod/Rip2 pathway in host responses to Chlamydophila pneumoniae-induced pneumonia in mice. Rip2(-/-) mice infected with C. pneumoniae exhibited impaired iNOS expression and NO production, and delayed neutrophil recruitment to the lungs. Levels of IL-6 and IFN-gamma levels as well as KC and MIP-2 levels in bronchoalveolar(More)
Transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1) is a multifunctional, potent anti-inflammatory cytokine produced by many cell types that regulates cell proliferation, apoptosis, and immune responses. Toll-like receptors (TLRs) recognize various pathogen-associated molecular patterns and are therefore a pivotal component of the innate immune system. In this(More)
BACKGROUND Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are thought to play a prominent role in atherogenesis and destabilization of plaque. Pericellularly localized membrane-type (MT)-MMPs activate secreted MMPs. We investigated the hypothesis that MT3-MMP is expressed in human atherosclerotic plaques and is regulated by locally produced inflammatory cytokines and(More)
Leishmania major, the causative agent of cutaneous leishmaniasis in humans, causes either a local cutaneous lesion or a fatal, disseminated infection in different strains of mice. It has been well established that the BALB/c strain of mice is extremely susceptible to L. major infection, due to the preferential development of Th2 responses. It has also been(More)
PURPOSE The aim of the study was to characterize enterocolitis in the Ednrb-null (Ednrb-/-) mouse with aganglionosis of the colon and to develop and validate a semiquantitative histopathologic grading system to assess enterocolitis. METHODS We isolated colon and ileal specimens of Ednrb-/- and control mice (Ednrb+/+) and performed histochemical staining(More)