Terence L. Kirley

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Three anti-peptide antisera were raised against three distinct amino acid sequences of ecto-nucleoside triphosphate diphosphohydrolase 3 (NTPDase3), characterized by Western blot analyses, and used to determine the distribution of NTPDase3 protein in adult rat brain. The three antisera all yielded similar immunolocalization data, leading to increased(More)
It has long been known that the salivary glands of hematophagous (blood-feeding) arthropods secrete soluble apyrases, which are potent nucleotide hydrolyzing enzymes capable of hydrolyzing extracellular ATP and ADP, the latter being a major agonist contributing to platelet aggregation. Only recently, however, has the identification of proteins homologous to(More)
The concentrations of extracellularly released nucleotides are controlled by metabolism via ecto-nucleotidases, but the precise physiological roles of the ecto-nucleoside triphosphate diphosphohydrolases in the modulation of purinergic receptor signalling are still unclear. Bacterial endotoxin lipopolysaccharide (LPS) treatment (administered(More)
Over the last seven years our laboratory has focused on the determination of the structural aspects of nucleoside triphosphate diphosphohydrolases (NTPDases) using site-directed mutagenesis and computational comparative protein modeling to generate hypotheses and models for the hydrolytic site and enzymatic mechanism of the family of NTPDase nucleotidases.(More)
Cell membrane-bound ecto-nucleoside triphosphate diphosphohydrolases (NTPDases) are homooligomeric, with native quaternary structure required for maximal enzyme activity. In this study, we mutated lysine 79 in human ecto-nucleoside triphosphate diphosphohydrolase 3 (NTPDase3). The residue corresponding to lysine 79 in NTPDase3 is conserved in all known cell(More)
We adapted the method of epitope mapping by site-directed masking, which was described for purified soluble antigens [Paus,D. and Winter,G. (2006) Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA, 103, 9172-9177.], to map the binding site of an inhibitory monoclonal antibody on the cell surface protein ecto-nucleotidase NTPDase3. Using homology modeling, we built a 3D structure(More)
Chemical modification in combination with site-directed mutagenesis was used to identify a tyrosine residue responsible for the increase in ecto-nucleoside triphosphate diphosphohydrolase 3 (NTPDase3) nucleotidase activity after acetylation with a tyrosine-selective reagent, N-acetylimidazole. The NTPDase3 ATPase activity is increased more than the ADPase(More)
Variations of post-translational modifications are important for stability and in vivo behavior of therapeutic antibodies. A recombinant humanized anti-cocaine monoclonal antibody (h2E2) was characterized for heterogeneity of N-linked glycosylation and disulfide bonds. In addition, charge heterogeneity, which is partially due to the presence or absence of(More)
Polyurea-based synthetic glycopolymers containing sulfated glucose, mannose, glucosamine, or lactose as pendant groups have been synthesized by step-growth polymerization of hexamethylene diisocyanate and corresponding secondary diamines. The obtained polymers were characterized by gel permeation chromatography, nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, and(More)
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