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An extracellular ATPase (E-type ATPase) clone was isolated from a human brain cDNA library and sequenced. The transcript shows similarity to the previously published chicken smooth muscle and rat brain ecto-ATPase cDNAs, human CD39L1 cDNA (putative human ecto-ATPase), and mammalian CD39 (lymphoid cell activation antigen, ecto-apyrase, ATPDase,(More)
The ecto-ATPase from chicken gizzard (smooth muscle) was solubilized, and the 66-kDa cell membrane ecto-ATPase protein was purified. The protein was then subjected to both enzymatic and chemical cleavage, and the resultant peptides were purified by reverse phase high pressure liquid chromatography and sequenced. Several of these internal peptide sequences(More)
Three anti-peptide antisera were raised against three distinct amino acid sequences of ecto-nucleoside triphosphate diphosphohydrolase 3 (NTPDase3), characterized by Western blot analyses, and used to determine the distribution of NTPDase3 protein in adult rat brain. The three antisera all yielded similar immunolocalization data, leading to increased(More)
Transverse tubule membranes isolated from rabbit fast skeletal muscle contain a very active Mg2+-ATPase (ATP phosphohydrolase, EC 3.6.1.3). This enzyme is very sensitive to inactivation by most detergents. However, after solubilization with either lysolecithin or digitonin, the Mg2+-ATPase can be purified in active form. Using a combination of selective(More)
The ectonucleoside triphosphate diphosphohydrolases (NTPDases) control extracellular nucleotide concentrations, thereby modulating many important biological responses, including blood clotting and pain perception. NTPDases1-4 are oligomeric integral membrane proteins, whereas NTPDase5 (CD39L4) and NTPDase6 (CD39L2) are soluble monomeric enzymes, making them(More)
Ecto-nucleoside-triphosphate diphosphohydrolase-6 (eNTPDase6(1), also known as CD39L2) cDNA was expressed in mammalian COS-1 cells and characterized using nucleotidase assays as well as size exclusion, anion exchange, and cation exchange chromatography. The deduced amino acid sequence of eNTPDase6 is more homologous with the soluble E-type ATPase,(More)
On the basis of sequence homologies observed between members of the E-type ATPases and the phosphate binding motifs of the actin/heat shock protein 70/sugar kinase superfamily, a human ecto-apyrase was analyzed by site-directed mutagenesis of conserved amino acids in apyrase conserved regions (ACR) I and IV. The expressed proteins were analyzed to assess(More)
For the first time, a soluble, dedicated E-type ecto-ATPase has been identified and purified. This fully soluble ecto-ATPase is released into the growth media of the single-celled eukaryote, Tetrahymena, at a constant rate over time (independent of the growth phase of the cells) and it has characteristics similar to those previously described for the(More)
The chicken gizzard smooth muscle extracellular ATPase (ecto-ATPase) is a low abundance, high specific activity, divalent cation-dependent, nonspecific nucleotide triphosphatase (NTPase). The ATPase is a 66-kDa glycoprotein with a protein core of 53 kDa (Stout, J.G. and Kirley, T.L. (1994) J. Biochem. Biophys. Methods 29, 61-75). In this study we evaluated(More)
The ecto-nucleoside triphosphate diphosphohydrolases (eNTPDases) are a family of enzymes that control the levels of extracellular nucleotides, thereby modulating purinergically controlled physiological processes. Six of the eight known NTPDases are membrane-bound enzymes; only NTPDase 5 and 6 can be released as soluble enzymes. Here we report the first(More)