Terence L. Kirley

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Nucleoside triphosphate diphosphohydrolases 1, 2, 3 and 8 (NTPDases 1, 2, 3 and 8) are the dominant ectonucleotidases and thereby expected to play important roles in nucleotide signaling. Distinct biochemical characteristics of individual NTPDases should allow them to regulate P2 receptor activation differentially. Therefore, the biochemical and kinetic(More)
An extracellular ATPase (E-type ATPase) clone was isolated from a human brain cDNA library and sequenced. The transcript shows similarity to the previously published chicken smooth muscle and rat brain ecto-ATPase cDNAs, human CD39L1 cDNA (putative human ecto-ATPase), and mammalian CD39 (lymphoid cell activation antigen, ecto-apyrase, ATPDase,(More)
On the basis of sequence homologies observed between members of the E-type ATPases and the phosphate binding motifs of the actin/heat shock protein 70/sugar kinase superfamily, a human ecto-apyrase was analyzed by site-directed mutagenesis of conserved amino acids in apyrase conserved regions (ACR) I and IV. The expressed proteins were analyzed to assess(More)
Three anti-peptide antisera were raised against three distinct amino acid sequences of ecto-nucleoside triphosphate diphosphohydrolase 3 (NTPDase3), characterized by Western blot analyses, and used to determine the distribution of NTPDase3 protein in adult rat brain. The three antisera all yielded similar immunolocalization data, leading to increased(More)
The ecto-ATPase from chicken gizzard (smooth muscle) was solubilized, and the 66-kDa cell membrane ecto-ATPase protein was purified. The protein was then subjected to both enzymatic and chemical cleavage, and the resultant peptides were purified by reverse phase high pressure liquid chromatography and sequenced. Several of these internal peptide sequences(More)
A human brain E-type ATPase (HB6 ecto-apyrase) was subjected to site-directed mutagenesis to assess the functional significance of two highly conserved tryptophan residues (Trp 187 and Trp 459), the only two tryptophans conserved in nearly all E-type ATPases. Mutation of tryptophan 187 to alanine yielded a poorly expressed ecto-apyrase completely devoid of(More)
Ecto-nucleoside-triphosphate diphosphohydrolase-6 (eNTPDase6(1), also known as CD39L2) cDNA was expressed in mammalian COS-1 cells and characterized using nucleotidase assays as well as size exclusion, anion exchange, and cation exchange chromatography. The deduced amino acid sequence of eNTPDase6 is more homologous with the soluble E-type ATPase,(More)
Cysteine-to-serine mutations were constructed to test the functional and structural significance of the three non-extracellular cysteine residues in ecto-nucleoside-triphosphate diphosphohydrolase 3 (eNTPDase3). None of these cysteines were found to be essential for enzyme activity. However, Cys(10), located on the short N-terminal cytoplasmic tail, was(More)
Most ecto-nucleoside triphosphate diphosphohydrolases (eNTPDases) are inhibited by the histidine reagent diethyl pyrocarbonate (DEPC), while being resistant to inhibition by many other chemical modification agents. We used site-directed mutagenesis to investigate the sites of modification responsible for DEPC inhibition. First, we constructed the mutations(More)
Glycine residues are recognized as important structural determinants in nucleotide-binding domains of many enzymes. The functional significance of seven glycine residues invariant in all 22 eNTPDase sequences was therefore examined. Glycine-to-alanine mutants of eNTPDase3 were analyzed for nucleotidase activities and tertiary and quaternary structure(More)