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BACKGROUND & AIMS Recent efforts in stem cell biology suggest that tumors are organized in a hierarchy of heterogeneous cell populations and that the capability to maintain tumor formation/growth specifically resides in a small population of cells called cancer stem cells (CSCs). The aim of this study is to identify, isolate, and characterize the CSC(More)
Missing in metastasis (MIM) proteins are important regulators in controlling cell growth and development. There has been accumulating evidence suggesting a role of MIM-B in carcinogenesis, yet its role in the development of hepatocellular carcinoma has not been examined thus far. In this study, we investigated the clinicopathological significance of MIM-B(More)
Metastasis is a major cause of mortality in cancer patients. However, the mechanisms governing the metastatic process remain elusive, and few accurate biomarkers exist for predicting whether metastasis will occur, something that would be invaluable for guiding therapy. We report here that the carboxypeptidase E gene (CPE) is alternatively spliced in human(More)
UNLABELLED Identification of therapeutic targets against tumor-initiating cells (TICs) is a priority in the development of new therapeutic paradigms against cancer. We enriched a TIC population capable of tumor initiation and self-renewal by serial passages of hepatospheres with chemotherapeutic agents. In chemoresistant hepatospheres, CD47 was found to be(More)
We aim to investigate the anticancer effect of a novel immunomodulator FTY720 on a rat orthotopic liver tumor model. A buffalo rat orthotopic liver tumor model was established by injection of a buffalo hepatoma cell line MH7777 into the right portal vein. FTY720 was administered by intraperitoneal injection starting at 10 days after tumor cell injection at(More)
Recent efforts in our study of cancer stem cells (CSC) in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) have led to the identification of CD133 as a prominent HCC CSC marker. Findings were based on experiments done on cell lines and xenograft tumors where expression of CD133 was detected at levels as high as 65%. Based on the CSC theory, CSCs are believed to represent(More)
PURPOSE Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a rapidly growing tumor associated with a high propensity for vascular invasion and metastasis. Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a key event in the tumor invasion process. Recently, Twist has been identified to play an important role in EMT-mediated metastasis through the regulation of E-cadherin(More)
A poor prognosis in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) patients is commonly associated with the presence of regional metastasis. Cisplatin-based chemotherapy concurrent with radiation therapy is commonly used in the treatment of locally advanced HNSCC. However, the result is dismal due to common acquisition of chemoresistance and radioresistance.(More)
A novel paradigm in tumor biology suggests that cancer growth is driven by stem-like cells within a tumor, called tumor-initiating cells (TICs) or cancer stem cells (CSCs). Here we describe the identification and characterization of such cells from hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) using the marker CD133. CD133 accounts for approximately 1.3%-13.6% of the(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the degree and mechanism of hepatic sinusoidal injury in different graft sizes in right lobe live donor liver transplantation (LDLT). SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA Liver grafts from living donors are likely to be small-for-size for adult recipients. Graft injury after reperfusion is common, but the mechanism and degree of injury remain(More)