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Modafinil, a novel stimulant which has several remarkable features that distinguish it from other stimulants, has been developed by Lafon, a French pharmaceutical company. Unlike the amphetamines, for example, modafinil is reported to have minimal peripheral side effects at therapeutic doses. It also appears to have a low abuse potential, does not interfere(More)
UNLABELLED We compared the cancer incidence of male United States Air Force (USAF) aircrew (342 cancers, 532,980.97 man-years) with non-flying Air Force officers (827 cancers, 1,084,370.08 man-years) between 1975-89. METHODS Incident cancer cases for both aviators and non-flying officers were obtained from USAF hospitalization records. Age-adjusted(More)
INTRODUCTION Previous studies have used questionnaires to evaluate G-LOC incident rates in different aircraft types, but no studies of G-LOC-related incident, crash, and fatality rates in different aircraft types were found in a search of the literature. METHODS G-LOC events (including both incidents and crashes) for the fiscal years 1982 to 2002 were(More)
UNLABELLED We compared the brain cancer risk of male United States Air Force (USAF) aircrew (37 cases) with nonflying Air Force personnel (193 cases) between 1970 and 1989. METHODS Incident brain cancer cases for both aviators and nonflying USAF personnel were obtained from USAF hospitalization records. Age, race, and calendar time matched controls were(More)
INTRODUCTION Although anecdotal reports of G-induced loss of consciousness (G-LOC) in military aviation date back to before 1920, regular reporting did not begin until 1982. The effectiveness in the operational setting of G-LOC preventive measures, such as positive pressure breathing for G protection (PBG), has not been studied. METHODS We use the term(More)
In-flight incapacitation of a fully trained crewmember due to a serious underlying medical condition is a rather infrequent event. In order to delineate the extent and nature of the incapacitation problem we reviewed the data base at the Air Force Safety and Inspection Center for all incidents coded for incapacitation, preexisting disease, or other acute(More)
INTRODUCTION Previous studies have determined that spatial disorientation (SD) causes 0.5-23% of aircraft crashes, but SD-related crash and fatality rates in different aircraft types have not been systematically studied. METHODS SD crashes for the fiscal years 1990 to 2004 and aircraft sortie numbers for all U.S. Air Force (USAF) aircraft were obtained(More)
The metrics used to define U.S. Air Force crew rest and flight duty limitations were not designed to manage surge operations such as Operation Desert Shield. Desert Shield provided an opportunity to obtain inflight data on acute and cumulative fatigue and the effect of other stressors during over-the-shoulder observations on 24 C-5 airlift crew members.(More)