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BACKGROUND A recent Canadian Forces CF-18 Hornet aircraft accident has focused interest on the push-pull effect (PPE). PPE has not previously been identified in U.S. Air Force (USAF) G-Induced Loss of Consciousness (G-LOC) Accidents. The presence of maneuvers known to cause the push-pull effect (PPEMs) that lead to G-LOC accidents suggests that PPE is(More)
BACKGROUND Recent investigation into the push-pull effect (PPE), the reduction of +Gz tolerance when preceded by less than +1 Gz, has focused on centrifuge studies to demonstrate the presence of adverse cardiovascular responses. Maneuvers found to cause the Push-Pull Effect (PPEM) have not been studied previously in U.S. Air Force (USAF) fighter aircraft.(More)
Modafinil, a novel stimulant which has several remarkable features that distinguish it from other stimulants, has been developed by Lafon, a French pharmaceutical company. Unlike the amphetamines, for example, modafinil is reported to have minimal peripheral side effects at therapeutic doses. It also appears to have a low abuse potential, does not interfere(More)
Under the auspices of the European Command (EUCOM) Military-to-Military Exchange Program, the authors participated in 13 trips to visit aeromedical facilities of nine Eastern European nations (Albania, Belarus, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Hungary, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, and Slovakia). In addition, eight of these Eastern European nations visited United(More)
UNLABELLED We compared the cancer incidence of male United States Air Force (USAF) aircrew (342 cancers, 532,980.97 man-years) with non-flying Air Force officers (827 cancers, 1,084,370.08 man-years) between 1975-89. METHODS Incident cancer cases for both aviators and non-flying officers were obtained from USAF hospitalization records. Age-adjusted(More)
Spatial disorientation (SD) continues to contribute to a fairly constant proportion of military aircraft accidents. The U.S. Air Force (USAF) fielded a new accident investigation reporting form in July 1989, which for the first time specified Type I SD, Type II SD, and Type III SD as possible causes of aircraft accidents. Of a total of 91 major accidents(More)
Initial high-G centrifuge training of USAF fast jet pilots was instituted in 1985. Also, since the mid-1980's, pilot awareness of G-induced loss of consciousness (G-LOC) has been enhanced by briefings, videotapes, and safety articles. Aircraft accidents caused by an improperly performed anti-G straining maneuver (AGSM), however, continue to occur.(More)
INTRODUCTION Previous studies have used questionnaires to evaluate G-LOC incident rates in different aircraft types, but no studies of G-LOC-related incident, crash, and fatality rates in different aircraft types were found in a search of the literature. METHODS G-LOC events (including both incidents and crashes) for the fiscal years 1982 to 2002 were(More)
  • T J Lyons
  • 1992
Historically, women have demonstrated the capacity to be successful aviators. A review of the scientific literature between 1966 and 1991 pertinent to the role of women in military aviation revealed only minor differences of questionable operational significance between men and women. Women may be more susceptible to motion sickness, radiation, and(More)