Terence Gourlay

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A series of in vitro studies were designed to determine whether di-(2-ethyl-hexyl)-phthalate (DEHP)-plasticized polyvinyl chloride (PVC) and DEHP itself initiated an inflammatory response in both human and rat blood. Additionally, the effect of methanol washing of the PVC on the inflammatory response was studied in both blood types. Blood from both species(More)
BACKGROUND Further development of advanced therapeutic endoscopic techniques and natural orifice translumenal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) requires a powerful flexible endoscopic multitasking platform. METHODS Medline search was performed to identify literature relating to flexible endoscopic multitasking platform from year 2004-2011 using keywords:(More)
BACKGROUND Adverse consequences of liposuction, including those associated with fat embolism, have been reported in the literature. Fat embolism syndrome after liposuction may be underestimated because of the unspecific nature of the symptoms. The aim of this study was to determine whether there is a generic risk of the generation of intravascular fat(More)
Cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) is dependent on materials foreign to the patient for its successful application. When blood comes into contact with these so-called biomaterials, an inappropriate inflammatory response, which can be life-threatening in some patients, may develop. The reason for this inappropriate activation of host defence mechanisms is not(More)
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a major postoperative complication following cardiac surgery. Diabetes mellitus is a major cause of nephropathy and end-stage renal failure. We aimed to evaluate the occurrence of adverse renal outcomes, in diabetic patients, between on-pump (CPB) and off-pump (OPCAB) coronary artery bypass graft (CABG). Seventy-one diabetic(More)
Cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) has improved a great deal since its first applications in the early 1950s. If improvements are to be continued, a preclinical model of CPB for small animals is desirable, mainly because of convenience of equipment and low costs. We review the different models of CPB for rats that have been designed, discuss their characteristics(More)
The benefits of pulsatile flow during the period of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) applied during open-heart surgery remains controversial. We have developed a rodent (rat) model of CBP that has been designed to functionally mimic the clinical setting, principally, but not solely, for the study of pulsatile CPB. The successful development of this model(More)
Operative management of patients presenting renal cell carcinoma's (RCC) with right atrial tumor thrombus extension is a technical challenge. It requires the use of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). The aim of this study was to report our early experience and to describe a simplified CPB technique. 5 consecutive patients underwent surgical resection by a joint(More)
It is generally accepted that cardiac surgery is frequently associated with the development of systemic inflammatory response. This phenomenon is very variable clinically, and can be detected by measuring plasma concentrations of certain inflammatory markers. Complement component, cytokines and adhesion molecules are examples of these markers. Systemic(More)
BACKGROUND Cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) is known to cause cerebrovascular dysfunction. The etiology of these complications is complex, but disruption of normal cerebral endothelial function as a consequence of inflammatory or hypoperfusion phenomena have been implicated. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of CPB time on cerebrovascular(More)