Terence G. Meighan

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The use of cerium compounds as diesel fuel catalyst results in the emission of cerium oxide nanoparticles (CeO2) in the exhaust. This study characterized the potential effects of CeO2 exposure on lung toxicity. Male Sprague Dawley rats were exposed to CeO2 by a single intratracheal instillation at 0.15, 0.5, 1, 3.5 or 7 mg/kg body weight. At 1 day after(More)
Diesel exhaust particles (DEPs) at three concentrations (5, 35, and 50 mg/kg body weight) were instilled into rats intratracheally. We studied gene expression at 1, 7, and 30 days postexposure in cells obtained by bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) and in lung tissue. Using real-time reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), we measured the mRNA(More)
Exposure to the pesticide methoxychlor in rodents is linked to impaired steroid production, ovarian atrophy and reduced fertility. Following in vivo administration, it is rapidly converted by the liver to 2,2-bis-(p-hydroxyphenyl)-1,1,1-trichloroethane (HPTE), the reported active metabolite. Both methoxychlor and HPTE have weak estrogenic and antiandrogenic(More)
The expression of 10 genes implicated in regulation of the inflammatory processes in the lung was studied after exposure of alveolar macrophages (AMs) to silica in vitro or in vivo. Exposure of AMs to silica in vitro up-regulated the messenger RNA (mRNA) levels of three genes [interleukin-6 (IL-6), monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), and macrophage(More)
Tungsten carbide-cobalt (WC-Co) nanoparticle composites have wide applications because of their hardness and toughness. WC-Co was classified as "probably carcinogenic" to humans by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) in 2003. It is believed that the toxicity and carcinogenesis of WC-Co is associated with particle size. Recent studies(More)
Epidemiology suggests that occupational exposure to welding particulate matter (PM) may increase lung cancer risk. However, animal studies are lacking to conclusively link welding with an increased risk. PM derived from stainless steel (SS) welding contains carcinogenic metals such as hexavalent chromium and nickel. We hypothesized that welding PM may act(More)
Earlier, we found in functional experiments that lipopolysaccharide (LPS; 4mg/kg; i.p.) hyperpolarized the epithelium by stimulating the transepithelial transport of Na(+) in guinea-pig tracheal epithelium. Epithelial sodium channel (ENaC) activity and Na(+),K(+)-pump activity were increased. In this study, we hypothesized that LPS increases the expression(More)
Ultraviolet (UV) irradiation plays a major role in the development of human skin cancer. The present study examined the alterations of miR-21-PDCD4 signaling in a mouse epidermal cell line (JB6 P(+)) post exposure to UVB irradiation. The results showed that (1) UVB caused PDCD4 inhibition in JB6 cells; (2) exposure of cells to UVB caused a significant(More)
A family of proteins containing PAAD [for PYRIN, AIM (absent in melanoma), apoptosis-associated protein speck-like protein containing a caspase recruitment domain, and death domain] domain was found to be involved in modulating inflammatory responses, by its ability to regulate nuclear factor (NF)-kappaB and procaspase-1 activation. In this study,(More)
Studies suggested that 15-deoxy-delta-(12,14)-prostaglandin J2 (PGJ2) may exert anti-inflammatory effects, including in the lung. Thus, in vitro studies were conducted to (1) investigate whether PGJ2 inhibited the production of inflammatory mediators from lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-exposed primary rat alveolar macrophages (AM), and (2) investigate possible(More)