Terence G. Hamill

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[(18)F]MK-9470 is a selective, high-affinity, inverse agonist (human IC(50), 0.7 nM) for the cannabinoid CB1 receptor (CB1R) that has been developed for use in human brain imaging. Autoradiographic studies in rhesus monkey brain showed that [(18)F]MK-9470 binding is aligned with the reported distribution of CB1 receptors with high specific binding in the(More)
This study was conducted to develop a new positron emission tomography (PET) method to visualize neurokinin-1 (NK1) receptor systems in the human brain in vivo in order to examine their neuroanatomical distribution and facilitate investigations of the role of substance P, NK1 receptors, and NK1 receptor antagonists in central nervous system (CNS) function(More)
Three metabotropic glutamate receptor subtype 5 (mGluR5) PET tracers have been labeled with either carbon-11 or fluorine-18 and their in vitro and in vivo behavior in rhesus monkey has been characterized. Each of these tracers share the common features of high affinity for mGluR5 (0.08-0.23 nM vs. rat mGluR5) and moderate lipophilicity (log P 2.8-3.4).(More)
Two positron emission tomography radiotracers for the glycine transporter 1 (GlyT1) are reported here. Each radiotracer is a propylsulfonamide-containing benzamide and was labeled with either carbon-11 or fluorine-18. [¹¹C]CMPyPB was synthesized by the alkylation of a 3-hydroxypyridine precursor using [¹¹C]MeI, and [¹⁸F]MK-6577 was synthesized by a(More)
Reduced NMDA receptor functioning is hypothesized to underlie the cognitive and negative symptoms associated with schizophrenia. However, because direct activation of the NMDA receptor is accompanied by neurotoxicity, mechanisms that activate the glycine co-agonist site on the NMDA receptor could carry greater therapeutic potential. In the current study,(More)
UNLABELLED Identification of safe and valid PET radioligands for metabotropic glutamate receptor, type 5 (mGluR5), is essential to measure changes in brain mGluR5 in neuropsychiatric disorders, to confirm central mGluR5 occupancy of drug candidates, and to guide dose selection for obtaining an optimum therapeutic window. Here we present the results of a(More)
Non-Invasive Radiotracer Imaging (NIRI) uses either short-lived positron-emitting isotopes, such as 11C and 18F, for Positron Emis ion Tomography (PET) or single photon emitting nuclides, e.g., 123I, which provide images using planar imaging or Single-Photon Emission Computed Tomography (SPECT). These high-resolution imaging modalities provide anatomical(More)
Diketo acids such as L-731,988 are potent inhibitors of HIV-1 integrase that inhibit integration and viral replication in cells. These compounds exhibit the unique ability to inhibit the strand transfer activity of integrase in the absence of an effect on 3' end processing. To understand the reasons for this distinct inhibitory profile, we developed a(More)
Binding of [18F]3-fluoro-5-[(pyridin-3-yl)ethynyl]benzonitrile ([18F]F-PEB) was evaluated in membranes and tissue sections prepared from rat, rhesus and human brain. Saturation equilibrium binding experiments with frozen brain cortex and caudate-putamen membranes of young adult rhesus and human and with cortex and striatum from rat yielded data indicative(More)
Quantitative imaging of the type 1 cannabinoid receptor (CB1R) opens perspectives for many neurological and psychiatric disorders. We characterized the kinetics and reproducibility of the CB1R tracer [18F]MK-9470 in human brain. [18F]MK-9470 data were analysed using reversible models and the distribution volume V T and V ND k 3 (V ND k 3 = K 1 k 2) were(More)