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[(18)F]MK-9470 is a selective, high-affinity, inverse agonist (human IC(50), 0.7 nM) for the cannabinoid CB1 receptor (CB1R) that has been developed for use in human brain imaging. Autoradiographic studies in rhesus monkey brain showed that [(18)F]MK-9470 binding is aligned with the reported distribution of CB1 receptors with high specific binding in the(More)
Three metabotropic glutamate receptor subtype 5 (mGluR5) PET tracers have been labeled with either carbon-11 or fluorine-18 and their in vitro and in vivo behavior in rhesus monkey has been characterized. Each of these tracers share the common features of high affinity for mGluR5 (0.08-0.23 nM vs. rat mGluR5) and moderate lipophilicity (log P 2.8-3.4).(More)
Modification of the potent fibrinogen receptor (alpha(IIb)beta(3)) antagonist 1 generated compounds with high affinity for the vitronectin receptor alpha(v)beta(3). Sequential modification of the basic N-terminus of 1 led to the identification of the 5,6,7, 8-tetrahydro[1,8]naphthyridine moiety (THN) as a lipophilic, moderately basic N-terminus that(More)
UNLABELLED Identification of safe and valid PET radioligands for metabotropic glutamate receptor, type 5 (mGluR5), is essential to measure changes in brain mGluR5 in neuropsychiatric disorders, to confirm central mGluR5 occupancy of drug candidates, and to guide dose selection for obtaining an optimum therapeutic window. Here we present the results of a(More)
UNLABELLED The histamine 3 (H3) receptor is a presynaptic autoreceptor in the central nervous system that regulates the synthesis and release of histamine and modulates the release of other major neurotransmitters. H3 receptor inverse agonists (IAs) may be efficacious in the treatment of various central nervous system disorders, including excessive daytime(More)
Diketo acids such as L-731,988 are potent inhibitors of HIV-1 integrase that inhibit integration and viral replication in cells. These compounds exhibit the unique ability to inhibit the strand transfer activity of integrase in the absence of an effect on 3' end processing. To understand the reasons for this distinct inhibitory profile, we developed a(More)
Binding of [18F]3-fluoro-5-[(pyridin-3-yl)ethynyl]benzonitrile ([18F]F-PEB) was evaluated in membranes and tissue sections prepared from rat, rhesus and human brain. Saturation equilibrium binding experiments with frozen brain cortex and caudate-putamen membranes of young adult rhesus and human and with cortex and striatum from rat yielded data indicative(More)
PURPOSE To develop and characterize a radiolabelled Substance-P antagonist useful for quantitation of neurokinin-1 receptors in the brain via PET imaging. PROCEDURE [18F]SPA-RQ (Substance-P antagonist - receptor quantifier) was synthesized in good yield and high specific activity by alkylation of a BOC protected phenolate anion using(More)
Improved communication and cooperation between research-driven drug companies and academic positron emission tomography (PET) centers, coupled with improvements in PET camera resolution, the availability of small animal PET cameras and a growing list of neuroreceptor-specific PET tracers, have all contributed to a substantial increase in the use and value(More)
PURPOSE This study was conducted to develop a new positron emission tomography (PET) method to visualize neurokinin-1 (NK(1)) receptor systems in the human brain in vivo in order to examine their neuroanatomical distribution and facilitate investigations of the role of substance P, NK(1) receptors, and NK(1) receptor antagonists in central nervous system(More)