Terence A Walsh

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Ribosome-inactivating proteins (RIPs) are a widely distributed family of plant enzymes that are remarkably potent catalytic inactivators of eukaryotic protein synthesis. All RIPs described to date, including the A-chain of the plant cytotoxin ricin, are polypeptides of 25-32 kDa and share significant amino acid sequence homologies. We have characterized and(More)
The protein crystals found in potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) tuber cells consist of a single 85-kD polypeptide. This polypeptide is an inhibitor of papain and other cysteine proteinases and is capable of binding several proteinase molecules simultaneously (P. Rodis, J.E. Hoff [1984] Plant Physiol 74: 907-911). We have characterized this unusual inhibitor in(More)
A high degree of selectivity toward the target site of the pest organism is a desirable attribute for new safer agrochemicals. To assist in the design of novel herbicides, we determined the crystal structures of the herbicidal target enzyme 4-hydroxyphenylpyruvate dioxygenase (HPPD; EC 1.13.11.27) from the plant Arabidopsis thaliana with and without an(More)
Although a wide range of structurally diverse small molecules can act as auxins, it is unclear whether all of these compounds act via the same mechanisms that have been characterized for 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) and indole-3-acetic acid (IAA). To address this question, we used a novel member of the picolinate class of synthetic auxins that is(More)
Two proteinase inhibitors have been isolated from tubers of potato (Solanum tuberosum). Based on N-terminal amino acid sequence homologies, they are members of the Kunitz family of proteinase inhibitors. Potato Kunitz inhibitor-1 (molecular weight 19,500, isoelectric point 6.9) is a potent inhibitor of the animal pancreatic proteinase trypsin, and its amino(More)
Engineered glyphosate resistance is the most widely adopted genetically modified trait in agriculture, gaining widespread acceptance by providing a simple robust weed control system. However, extensive and sustained use of glyphosate as a sole weed control mechanism has led to field selection for glyphosate-resistant weeds and has induced significant(More)
Dietary omega-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFAs), docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, C22:6) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA, C20:5) are usually derived from marine fish. Although production of both EPA and DHA has been engineered into land plants, including Arabidopsis, Camelina sativa and Brassica juncea, neither has been produced in commercially(More)
The ribosome-inactivating protein (RIP) from maize (Zea mays L.) is unusual in that it is produced in the endosperm as an inactive pro-form, also known as b-32, which can be converted by limited proteolysis to a two-chain active form, alpha beta RIP. Immunological analysis of seed extracts from a variety of species related to maize showed that pro/alpha(More)
A gene coding for potato multicystatin (PMC), the crystalline inhibitor of cysteine proteases which is found in tubers, was isolated and characterized. The deduced polypeptide product of this genomic sequence in 757 amino acids long and has a molecular mass of 86,778 Da. It consists exclusively of eight closely related domains, with 53–89% identity of(More)
The magnetic properties of the haem groups of Pseudomonas cytochrome oxidase and its cyanide-bound derivatives were studied in both the oxidized and reduced states by means of m.c.d. (magnetic circular dichroism) at low temperatures. In addition, the oxidized forms of the enzyme were also investigated by e.p.r. (electron-paramagnetic-resonance)(More)