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Although a wide range of structurally diverse small molecules can act as auxins, it is unclear whether all of these compounds act via the same mechanisms that have been characterized for 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) and indole-3-acetic acid (IAA). To address this question, we used a novel member of the picolinate class of synthetic auxins that is(More)
The protein crystals found in potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) tuber cells consist of a single 85-kD polypeptide. This polypeptide is an inhibitor of papain and other cysteine proteinases and is capable of binding several proteinase molecules simultaneously (P. Rodis, J.E. Hoff [1984] Plant Physiol 74: 907-911). We have characterized this unusual inhibitor in(More)
Plant oils containing ω-7 fatty acids (FAs; palmitoleic 16:1Δ(9) and cis-vaccenic 18:1Δ(11)) have potential as sustainable feedstocks for producing industrially important octene via metathesis chemistry. Engineering plants to produce seeds that accumulate high levels of any unusual FA has been an elusive goal. We achieved high levels of ω-7 FA accumulation(More)
Engineered glyphosate resistance is the most widely adopted genetically modified trait in agriculture, gaining widespread acceptance by providing a simple robust weed control system. However, extensive and sustained use of glyphosate as a sole weed control mechanism has led to field selection for glyphosate-resistant weeds and has induced significant(More)
The magnetic properties of the haem groups of Pseudomonas cytochrome oxidase and its cyanide-bound derivatives were studied in both the oxidized and reduced states by means of m.c.d. (magnetic circular dichroism) at low temperatures. In addition, the oxidized forms of the enzyme were also investigated by e.p.r. (electron-paramagnetic-resonance)(More)
A high degree of selectivity toward the target site of the pest organism is a desirable attribute for new safer agrochemicals. To assist in the design of novel herbicides, we determined the crystal structures of the herbicidal target enzyme 4-hydroxyphenylpyruvate dioxygenase (HPPD; EC from the plant Arabidopsis thaliana with and without an(More)
The e.p.r. spectra of reduced 14NO- and 15NO-bound Pseudomonas nitrite reductase have been investigated at pH 5.8 and 8.0 in four buffer systems. At pH 8.0, absorption spectra indicated that only the haem d1 was NO-bound, but, although quantification of the e.p.r. signals in all cases accounted for NO bound the the haem d1 in both subunits of the enzyme,(More)
A novel phenyltriazole acetic acid compound (DAS734) produced bleaching of new growth on a variety of dicotyledonous weeds and was a potent inhibitor of Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) seedling growth. The phytotoxic effects of DAS734 on Arabidopsis were completely alleviated by addition of adenine to the growth media. A screen of(More)
Pyrimidine bases are rapidly catabolized in growing plant tissues. The final enzyme of the catabolic pathway, beta-ureidopropionase (beta-UP; EC, was partially purified from the shoots of etiolated maize (Zea mays) seedlings. The enzyme had a K(m) for beta-ureidopropionate (the substrate derived from uracil) of 11 microM. Only one enantiomer of(More)
A gene coding for potato multicystatin (PMC), the crystalline inhibitor of cysteine proteases which is found in tubers, was isolated and characterized. The deduced polypeptide product of this genomic sequence is 757 amino acids long and has a molecular mass of 86,778 Da. It consists exclusively of eight closely related domains, with 53-89% identity of(More)