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1. Tetrandrine (TET, a Ca2+ antagonist of Chinese herbal origin) and thapsigargin (TSG, an endoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ pump inhibitor) concentration-dependently mobilized Ca2+ from intracellular stores of HL-60 cells, with EC50 values of 20 microM and 0.8 nM, respectively. After intracellular Ca2+ release by 30 nM TSG, there was no more discharge of Ca2+ by(More)
The effects of the receptor-mediated Ca2+ entry blocker, SK&F 96365 on thapsigargin (TSG)-induced Ca2+ entry in fura-2-loaded HL-60 cells were studied. After Ca2+ release induced by 30 nM TSG, readmission of Ca2+ resulted in a sustained Ca2+ entry, which could be partially inhibited by 1-3 microM SK&F 96365. Surprisingly, SK&F 96365 at 30-100 microM,(More)
1. Previously it has been shown that tetrandrine (TET), a bis-benzylisoquinoline alkaloid, isolated from a Chinese herb Stephania tetrandra, can block non-voltage-operated Ca2+ entry activated by intracellular Ca2+ store depletion induced by thapsigargin (TSG) and can release intracellular Ca2+ in HL-60 cells. The present study attempted to identify the(More)
Histamine, ATP, and two microsomal Ca(2+)-pump inhibitors, thapsigargin (TG) and cyclopiazonic acid (CPA), were able to release intracellular Ca2+ in human leukaemic HL-60 cells. The relationships between the agonist-, TG- and CPA-sensitive Ca2+ pools were investigated with optimal concentrations of these agents in Ca(2+)-free medium. CPA failed to release(More)
Agonist-activated Ca2+ entry is important in many biological responses such as secretion and cell growth(1,2). In nonexcitable cells which have no voltage-operated Ca2+ channels (VOCC), agonist-receptor interaction can trigger Ca2+ entry across the plasmalemma via several entry pathways(1-3) (Fig 1): (A) channels which are intrinsic structures of the(More)
1. The iron content of whole milk and the distribution of iron between fractions separated by centrifugation was determined on milk obtained from lactating laboratory rats (Rattus norvegicus), rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus) and quokkas (Setonix brachyurus) at various stages of lactation. In rat milk, the distribution of 59Fe label administered in vivo or(More)
Spontaneous Ni2+ entry (leak), measured as fluorescence quench in fura-2-loaded HL-60 cells at the excitation wavelength of 360 nm, was strongly inhibited by tetrandrine (TET, 100 microM), a Ca2+ antagonist of Chinese herbal origin. Exposure of the cells for 5 min to saponins from Quillaja saponaria (QS, 30 microg/ml), surfactants well known to permeabilize(More)
The role of the protein kinase C (PKC) activator phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) in apoptosis of HL-60 cells was investigated. PMA inhibited DNA fragmentation induced by thapsigargin (TG) and 4-bromo-calcium ionophore (Br-A23187). The inhibitory effect of PMA was concentration-related and was abolished by a specific PKC inhibitor, bisindolylmaleimide(More)
Any deregulation of apoptosis or an escape from cellular senescence will drive the cells to neoplasia. It remains unclear whether there is a direct linkage between apoptosis and telomerase activity particularly in transformed cell lines. In the present study, we investigated the telomerase activities in three leukemic cell lines (HL-60, U937 and K562) after(More)