Two new mexicanolide-type limonoids, carapanolides T-U (1-2), and three new phragmalin-type limonoids, carapanolides V-X (3-5), were isolated from the seeds of Carapa guianensis (andiroba). Their structures were determined on the basis of 1D- and 2D-NMR spectroscopy.
Two new phragmalin-type limonoids, Carapanosins A and B (1 and 2), and a new gedunin-type limonoid, Carapansin C (3), together with five known limonoids (4-8) were isolated from the oil of Carapa guianensis AUBLET (Meliaceae) seeds, a traditional medicine in Brazil and Latin American countries. Their structures were elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic… (More)
Genetic characteristics of four wild (Mie, Fukui, Shimane and Nagasaki) and five cultured populations (selectively bred for 12 years with an origin of Ehime population) of the Japanese pearl oyster, Pinctada fucata martensii, were evaluated by using AFLP markers. Six primer pairs generated 1019 loci in total, among which 45.2–55.1 % was polymorphic among… (More)