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Eleven cases of an aneurysm of the posterior cerebral artery are reported. All 11 aneurysms were saccular, and 3 were either giant or large. The aneurysms arose from the P1 segment in three patients, the P1-P2 junction in three patients, the P2 segment in three patients, and from the P3 segment in two patients. In all, 10 patients underwent surgery. All P1(More)
The authors dissected the cervical spine and its surrounding structures from 40 adult cadavers under a surgical microscope. The anterior part of the spine and spinal cord was examined after vertebrectomy. The posterior longitudinal ligament (PLL) consists of two layers; the anterior one is termed the deep layer, and the posterior one is termed the(More)
BACKGROUND Venous congestive myelopathy is a progressive myelopathy that is generally caused by a spinal dural arteriovenous fistula. CASE DESCRIPTION We report a patient with histologically confirmed venous congestive myelopathy without concurrent vascular malformations in radiological and intraoperative findings. CONCLUSIONS The definitive underlying(More)
OBJECTIVE AND IMPORTANCE Some patients with hydrocephalus may exhibit various signs of oculomotor dysfunction. However, ptosis has not previously been described in chronic hydrocephalus patients. CLINICAL PRESENTATION We report a 50-year-old woman who was diagnosed with chronic hydrocephalus based on an evaluation for bilateral ptosis after a minor head(More)
The authors report on the case of a 20-year-old man who presented with a transient tetraparesis. Neuroimaging studies demonstrated atlantoaxial dislocation and ventral compression of the rostral spinal cord caused by a quite rare association of os odontoideum and hypertrophic ossiculum terminale. The patient underwent removal of two free ossicula via a(More)
An 80-year-old female presented with non-traumatic cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhea due to untreated prolactinoma, with simultaneous development of bilateral leg pains and gait disturbance due to lumbar canal stenosis. Neuroimaging showed an intrasellar mass extending into the sphenoid sinus, right cavernous sinus, and suprasellar cistern. Computed(More)
A patient with a remote history of nephrectomy for hypernephroma presented a visual field defect with hypopituitarism. Neuro-imaging studies showed a highly vascularized sellar mass with suprasellar extension. Surgery, which was performed via the subfrontal approach, disclosed the pituitary tumor to be a hypernephroma. Although anterior pituitary(More)
Rosette-forming glioneuronal tumors (RGNT) of the fourth ventricle are slow-growing tumors that primarily involve the fourth ventricular region. We here report the first patient, an 8-year-old girl, with an RGNT originating in the hypothalamus and manifesting with precocious puberty. After partial removal, the remaining tumor showed rapid enlargement, and(More)
Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) overdrainage after lumboperitoneal (LP) shunt placement for the patients with idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH) is mainly caused by insufficient management of pressure settings of the shunt valve and/or siphon effect of shunt systems induced by the patient's postural changes. We here report a unique case of(More)