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The design of acoustic signals and hearing sensitivity in socially communicating species would normally be expected to closely match in order to minimize signal degradation and attenuation during signal propagation. Nevertheless, other factors such as sensory biases as well as morphological and physiological constraints may affect strict correspondence… (More)
We describe a new gecko of the genus Blaesodactylus from a karstic outcrop in deciduous dry forest of Ankarana National Park, northern Madagascar. Blaesodactylus microtuberculatus sp. nov., the fifth recognized species of Blaesodactylus, is distinguished from all other congeners, B. ambonihazo, B. antongilensis, B. boivini and B. sakalava by a combination… (More)
According to the concept of ritualization, acquisition of signal function (i.e., species recognition) leads to formalization of specific signal structure (i.e., species-specific pattern). By contrast, loss of species recognition may result in specific pattern collapse of the signal, from a temporally regular pattern to an irregular form. Several studies… (More)
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0146677.].