Teodor-D Brumeanu

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BACKGROUND Double negative CD3(+)4(-)8(-) TCR alphabeta splenic cells (DNCD3) can suppress the immune responses to allo and xenografts, infectious agents, tumors, and some autoimmune disorders. However, little is known about their role in autoimmune diabetes, a disease characterized by the reduction of insulin production subsequent to destruction of(More)
The GM gangliosides and cholesterol components of plasma membrane lipid rafts play an important role in the recruitment and signaling of protein receptors in eukaryotic cells. Herein, we have analyzed at the single-cell level the partitioning and intracellular trafficking of GM gangliosides and cholesterol in quiescent (CD4+CD69-) and CD3-activated(More)
The plasma membrane of T cells is made of a combination of glycosphingolipids and protein receptors organized in glycolipoprotein microdomains termed lipid rafts. The structural assembly of lipid rafts was investigated by various physical and biochemical assays. Depending on the differentiation status of T cells, the lipid rafts seclude various protein(More)
Naturally occurring CD4(+)25(high)Foxp3(+) T regulatory (T-reg) cells are critical for maintaining tolerance to self and non-self Ags. The Foxp3 master-regulatory gene and CD28 costimulation are both required for thymic development and suppressogenic function of CD4(+)25(high)Foxp3(+) T-regs. Herein, we show that the sole CD28 stimulation of T-reg thymic(More)
The T-regulatory (T-reg) cells restrict the T-cell functions in various viral infections including influenza infection. However little is known about the effect of T-regs in influenza vaccination. Herein, we found that immunization of BALB/c mice with a prototype of UV-inactivated influenza PR8/A/34 virus vaccine expanded the CD4(+)Foxp3(+) T-reg pool and(More)
Soluble, dimeric peptide-MHC chimeras were shown to induce Ag-specific T cell anergy in vitro and in vivo. In this study, we describe a mechanism by which a soluble, dimeric peptide MHC class II chimera (DEF) induces Ag-specific T cell anergy. The anergic cells showed a displacement of the CD4-p56(lck) signaling module from the GM1-rich plasma membrane(More)
The inhibitors of HMG CoA reductase (statins) are widely used as cholesterol-lowering drugs with excellent safety records in hypercholesterolemic patients. Statins exert pleiotropic effects on a variety of cells, and they were recently described as a new class of immune modulators. Depending on their structure, dose, and route of administration, statins(More)
The plasma membrane of T cells is made up of a combination of phospholipids and proteins organized as glycolipoprotein microdomains termed lipid rafts. The structural assembly of lipid rafts was investigated by various physical and biochemical assays. Depending on the differentiation status of T cells, the lipid rafts seclude various protein receptors(More)
The self-reactive CD4 T-cells play an essential role in triggering and sustaining organ-specific autoimmune diseases. Silencing or elimination of these cells can prevent and reverse an autoimmune process. We have previously showed that a single dose-administration of a soluble dimeric MHC II-peptide chimera (DEF) in double-transgenic mice delayed the onset(More)
Calicheamicin gamma1 (Cal gamma1) is a hydrophobic enediyne antibiotic known to cleave the DNA and lead to apoptosis in a variety of cells. Herein, we show that Cal gamma1 exhibits a 1000-times stronger suppressogenic effect on antigen-specific (diabetogenic), and naïve CD4 T cells than Doxorubicin (Dox), another strong apoptotic drug. The thymic precursors(More)