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FGFR2 and MAP3K1 are members of the RAS/RAF/MEK/ERK-signaling pathway and have been identified from genome-wide association studies to be breast cancer susceptibility genes. Potential interactions of these genes and their role with respect to tumor markers, hormonal factors and race on breast cancer risk have not been explored. We examined FGFR2 and MAP3K1(More)
Inherited BRCA1 mutations confer elevated cancer risk. Recent studies have identified genes that encode proteins that interact with BRCA1 as modifiers of BRCA1-associated breast cancer. We evaluated a comprehensive set of genes that encode most known BRCA1 interactors to evaluate the role of these genes as modifiers of cancer risk. A cohort of 2,825 BRCA1(More)
Multiple pathways of prostate carcinogenesis have been proposed, including those involving androgen metabolism and inflammation. These pathways are not independent, and may act together in prostate cancer etiology: androgens promote both inflammatory processes and serve as mitogens in prostate tumor growth. To explore the possible joint effects of these(More)
OBJECTIVE This study evaluated whether genes involved in the metabolism of steroid hormones are associated with hormone levels or menopausal symptoms. METHODS We used a population-based prospective sample of 436 African American (AA) and European American (EA) women who were premenopausal at enrollment and were followed longitudinally through menopause.(More)
BACKGROUND Disparities in cancer defined by race, age, or gender are well established. However, demographic metrics are surrogates for the complex contributions of genotypes, exposures, health care, socioeconomic and sociocultural environment, and many other factors. Macroenvironmental factors represent novel surrogates for exposures, lifestyle, and other(More)
Inherited BRCA1 mutations confer elevated cancer risk. Recent studies have identified genes that encode proteins that interact with BRCA1 as modifiers of BRCA1-associated breast cancer. We evaluated a comprehensive set of genes that encode most known BRCA1 interactors to evaluate the role of these genes as modifiers of cancer risk. A cohort of 2,825 BRCA1(More)
nloaded kground: Disparities in cancer definedby race, age, or gender arewell established.However, demographrics are surrogates for the complex contributions of genotypes, exposures, health care, socioeconomic and ultural environment, andmany other factors. Macroenvironmental factors represent novel surrogates for res, lifestyle, and other factors that are(More)
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