Tenpei Akita

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The exact measurement of femoral head cover is essential for an assessment of reduction of congenital dislocation of the hip. We have compared standard anteroposterior radiographs with computerised tomograms and thereby classified the shape of the acetabular roof into four types. We found that the CE angle of Wiberg is a more reliable measure of head cover(More)
The extent to which Ca2+-induced Ca2+ release (CICR) affects transmitter release is unknown. Continuous nerve stimulation (20-50 Hz) caused slow transient increases in miniature end-plate potential (MEPP) frequency (MEPP-hump) and intracellular free Ca2+ ([Ca2+]i) in presynaptic terminals (Ca2+-hump) in frog skeletal muscles over a period of minutes in a(More)
Fluorescent ryanodine revealed the distribution of ryanodine receptors in the submembrane cytoplasm (less than a few micrometers) of cultured bullfrog sympathetic ganglion cells. Rises in cytosolic Ca(2+) ([Ca(2+)](i)) elicited by single or repetitive action potentials (APs) propagated at a high speed (150 microm/s) in constant amplitude and rate of rise in(More)
Fluorescent ryanodine revealed the distribution of ryanodine receptors in the submembrane cytoplasm (less than a few micrometers) of cultured bullfrog sympathetic ganglion cells. Rises in cytosolic Ca 2 1 ([Ca 2 1 ] i ) elicited by single or repetitive action potentials (APs) propagated at a high speed (150 m m/s) in constant amplitude and rate of rise in(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to clarify whether bone marrow edema is detectable on initial MR imaging of steroid-induced osteonecrosis of the femoral head. SUBJECTS AND METHODS Forty-eight hips with osteonecrosis were examined consecutively with MR imaging and radiography. In a previously reported screening program, osteonecrosis was diagnosed(More)
Ca(2+)-induced Ca(2+) release (CICR) enhances a variety of cellular Ca(2+) signaling and functions. How CICR affects impulse-evoked transmitter release is unknown. At frog motor nerve terminals, repetitive Ca(2+) entries slowly prime and subsequently activate the mechanism of CICR via ryanodine receptors and asynchronous exocytosis of transmitters. Further(More)
We performed a prospective study using MRI to evaluate early necrosis of the femoral head in 48 patients receiving high-dose corticosteroids for the treatment of various autoimmune-related disorders. The mean interval from the initiation of corticosteroid therapy to the first MRI examination was 2 months (0.5 to 6). MRI was repeated, and the mean period of(More)
Heterotrimeric G proteins, composed of α, β, and γ subunits, can transduce a variety of signals from seven-transmembrane-type receptors to intracellular effectors. By whole-exome sequencing and subsequent mutation screening, we identified de novo heterozygous mutations in GNAO1, which encodes a Gαo subunit of heterotrimeric G proteins, in four individuals(More)
Ca(2+) clearance in frog motor nerve terminals was studied by fluorometry of Ca(2+) indicators. Rises in intracellular Ca(2+) ([Ca(2+)](i)) in nerve terminals induced by tetanic nerve stimulation (100 Hz, 100 or 200 stimuli: Ca(2+) transient) reached a peak or plateau within 6-20 stimuli and decayed at least in three phases with the time constants of 82-87(More)
The objective of this study was to investigate the presence of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) in the central nervous system and the effects of lipopolysaccharide on central and peripheral concentrations of TNF-alpha, behavioral conditions (standing or lying), elimination scores (defecation or urination), rectal temperature, and food intake (as-fed(More)