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The epithelial Na(+) channel (ENaC) is an essential channel responsible for Na(+) reabsorption in the aldosterone-sensitive distal nephron. Consequently, ENaC is a major effector impacting systemic blood volume and pressure. We have shown recently that Rac1 increases ENaC activity, whereas Cdc42 fails to change channel activity. Here we tested whether Rac1(More)
Sodium reabsorption via the epithelial Na(+) channel (ENaC) in the aldosterone-sensitive distal nephron plays a central role in the regulation of body fluid volume. Previous studies have indicated that arachidonic acid (AA) and its metabolite 11,12-EET but not other regioisomers of EETs inhibit ENaC activity in the collecting duct. The goal of this study(More)
BACKGROUND The Epithelial Na(+) Channel (ENaC) plays a central role in control of epithelial surface hydration and vascular volume. Similar to other ion channels, ENaC activity is regulated, in part, by cortical cytoskeleton. Besides, the cytoskeleton is an established target for small G proteins signaling. Here we studied whether ENaC activity is modulated(More)
Epithelial Na(+) channel (ENaC) activity is regulated, in part, by the cortical cytoskeleton. Here we demonstrate that cortactin is highly expressed in the kidney cortex and polarized epithelial cells, and is localized to the cortical collecting duct. Coexpression of cortactin with ENaC decreases ENaC activity, as measured in patch-clamp experiments.(More)
Polycystic kidney diseases are the most common genetic diseases that affect the kidney. There remains a paucity of information regarding mechanisms by which G proteins are regulated in the context of polycystic kidney disease to promote abnormal epithelial cell expansion and cystogenesis. In this study, we describe a functional role for the accessory(More)
Amiloride-sensitive sodium entry, via the epithelial sodium channel (ENaC), is the rate-limiting step for Na(+) absorption. Epidermal growth factor (EGF) is involved in the regulation of Na(+) transport and ENaC activity. However it is still controversial exactly how EGF regulates ENaC and Na(+) absorption. The aim of the present study was to characterize(More)
Extracellular nucleotides such as adenosine-5'-triphosphate (ATP) and reactive oxygen species are essential local signaling molecules in the kidney. However, measurements of changes in the interstitial concentrations of these substances in response to various stimuli remain hindered due to limitations of existing experimental techniques. The goal of this(More)
Various stimuli, including hormones and growth factors, modulate epithelial sodium channels (ENaCs), which fine-tune Na(+) absorption in the kidney. Members of the EGF family are important for maintaining transepithelial Na(+) transport, but whether EGF influences ENaC, perhaps mediating salt-sensitive hypertension, is not well understood. Here, the ENaC(More)
The epithelial Na(+) channel (ENaC) is an essential channel responsible for Na(+) reabsorption. Coexpression of Rab11a and Rab3a small G proteins with ENaC results in a significant increase in channel activity. In contrast, coexpression of Rab5, Rab27a, and Arf-1 had no effect or slightly decreased ENaC activity. Inhibition of MEK with PD98059, Rho-kinase(More)
Salt-sensitive hypertension leads to kidney injury. The Dahl salt-sensitive hypertensive rat (Dahl SS) is a model of salt-sensitive hypertension and progressive kidney injury. The current set of experimental studies evaluated the kidney protective potential of a novel epoxyeicosatrienoic acid analog (EET-B) in Dahl SS hypertension. Dahl SS rats receiving(More)