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We propose the Model-based Analysis of Genome-wide CRISPR/Cas9 Knockout (MAGeCK) method for prioritizing single-guide RNAs, genes and pathways in genome-scale CRISPR/Cas9 knockout screens. MAGeCK demonstrates better performance compared with existing methods, identifies both positively and negatively selected genes simultaneously, and reports robust results(More)
The CRISPR/Cas9 system has revolutionized mammalian somatic cell genetics. Genome-wide functional screens using CRISPR/Cas9-mediated knockout or dCas9 fusion-mediated inhibition/activation (CRISPRi/a) are powerful techniques for discovering phenotype-associated gene function. We systematically assessed the DNA sequence features that contribute to single(More)
Age-related macular degeneration (ARMD) is the leading cause of blindness in the developed world and yet its pathogenesis remains poorly understood. Retina has high levels of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) and functions under conditions of oxidative stress. To investigate whether peroxidative products of PUFAs induce apoptosis in retinal pigmented(More)
Use of cisplatin, a chemotherapeutic agent, is associated with toxicity as a significant number of patients develop a decline in renal function. The mechanisms by which cisplatin produces renal injury are not well understood. It has been suggested that free radical-catalyzed lipid peroxidation can induce apoptosis or necrosis leading to renal injury. This(More)
Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs), which are noncoding RNAs (ncRNAs) with length more than 200 nucleotides (nt), have been demonstrated to be involved in various types of cancer. Consequently, it has been frequently discussed that lncRNAs with aberrant expression in cancer serve as potential diagnostic biomarkers and therapeutic targets. However, one major(More)
Noncoding RNAs are increasingly being recognized as important players in eukaryote biology. However, despite major efforts in mapping the Caenorhabditis elegans transcriptome over the last couple of years, nonpolyadenylated and intermediate-size noncoding RNAs (is-ncRNAs) are still incompletely explored. We have combined an enzymatic approach with(More)
A cued Go-Nogo task was employed to explore the neural correlation among response preparation, cognitive control and intelligence in two groups of early adolescents with different intellectual levels using event-related potential (ERP) technique. Behavioral results indicated that the gifted children had better cognitive control performances with higher(More)
Earlier studies have revealed a substantial amount of transcriptional activity occurring outside annotated protein-coding genes of the Caenorhabditis elegans genome. One important fraction of this transcriptional activity relates to intermediate-size (70-500 nt) transcripts (is-ncRNAs) of mostly unknown function. Profiling the expression of this segment of(More)
CRISPR-Cas9 screens have been widely adopted to analyze coding-gene functions, but high-throughput screening of non-coding elements using this method is more challenging because indels caused by a single cut in non-coding regions are unlikely to produce a functional knockout. A high-throughput method to produce deletions of non-coding DNA is needed. We(More)
High-throughput CRISPR screens have shown great promise in functional genomics. We present MAGeCK-VISPR, a comprehensive quality control (QC), analysis, and visualization workflow for CRISPR screens. MAGeCK-VISPR defines a set of QC measures to assess the quality of an experiment, and includes a maximum-likelihood algorithm to call essential genes(More)