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Light-emitting diodes [LEDs] are of particular interest recently as their performance is approaching fluorescent/incandescent tubes. Moreover, their energy-saving property is attracting many researchers because of the huge energy crisis we are facing. Among all methods intending to enhance the efficiency and intensity of a conventional LED, localized(More)
Using electrochemical etching of a polycrystalline 3C-SiC target and subsequent ultrasonic treatment in water solution, we have fabricated suspensions of 3C-SiC nanocrystallites that luminesce. Transmission electron microscope observations show that the 3C-SiC nanocrystallites, which uniformly disperse in water, have sizes in the range of 1-6 nm.(More)
Clustering analysis aims to discover the underlying clusters in the data points according to their similarities. It has wide applications ranging from bioinformatics to astronomy. Here, we proposed a Generalized Affinity Propagation (G-AP) clustering algorithm. Data points are first organized in a sparsely connected in-tree (IT) structure by a physically(More)
Clustering analysis is a method to organize raw data into categories based on a measure of similarity. It has been successfully applied to diverse fields from science to business and engineering. By endowing data points with physical meaning like particles in the physical world and then leaning their evolving tendency of moving from higher to lower(More)
We mimic unique honeycomb structure as well as its functions of storing honey and pollen to assemble Au nanoparticle pattern on honeycomb-like Al nanobowl array by utilizing solid state dewetting process. Patterned Au nanoarrays of 'one particle per bowl' with tunable plasmonic bands ranging from the visible to the near-infrared region are fabricated by(More)
Scientists in many fields have the common and basic need of dimensionality reduction: visualizing the underlying structure of the massive multivariate data in a low-dimensional space. However, many dimensionality reduction methods confront the so-called “crowding problem” that clusters tend to overlap with each other in the embedding. Previously,(More)
In our previous works, we proposed a physically-inspired rule to organize the data points into an in-tree (IT) structure, in which some undesired edges are allowed to occur. By removing those undesired or redundant edges, this IT structure is divided into several separate parts, each representing one cluster. In this work, we seek to prevent the undesired(More)
Epitaxially grown ultrathin organic semiconductors on graphene show great promise as highly efficient phototransistors. The devices exhibit a strong photoresponse down to the limit of a monolayer organic crystal, with a photoresponsivity higher than 10(4) A W(-1) and a photoconductive gain over 10(8) . The excellent performance is attributed to the high(More)
Quantitative analysis of the output of processes and molecular interactions within a single cell is highly critical to the advancement of accurate disease screening and personalized medicine. Optical detection is one of the most broadly adapted measurement methods in biological and clinical assays and serves cellular phenotyping. Recently, microfluidics has(More)
A convenient nanoscale technique is reported for the fabrication of highly ordered hemispherical silver nanocap arrays templated by porous anodic alumina (PAA) membranes as robust and cost-efficient surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) substrates. This geometry produces a high Raman signal due to its periodic hexagonal arrangements and control of the(More)