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BACKGROUND The link between increased circulating level of endothelin (ET)-1 and adverse clinical outcomes after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) has been established. Current studies demonstrate that reperfusion therapy by either thrombolysis or primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) can salvage myocardium, improving survival of AMI patients.(More)
OBJECTIVE Epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) is a part of visceral fat deposited around the heart between the pericardium and myocardium along the distribution of coronary arteries. EAT thickness is reported to be associated with coronary atherosclerosis; however, no study has measured EAT volume in patients with type 2 diabetes or investigate its association(More)
BACKGROUND Visfatin/pre-B-cell colony-enhancing factor is a cytokine that is expressed as a protein in several tissues (e.g., liver, skeletal muscle, immune cells), including adipose tissue, and is reported to stimulate inflammatory cytokine expressions and promote vascular smooth cell maturation. Visfatin may act as a proinflammatory cytokine and be(More)
BACKGROUND Indoxyl sulphate (IS) and p-cresylsulphate (PCS) are uremic toxins with similar protein-binding, dialytic clearance, and proinflammatory features. Few studies have evaluated the possible associations between these solutes and coronary artery disease (CAD) in type 2 diabetes (T2D) patients. METHODS A hospital-based case control study was(More)
BACKGROUND Little is known about the clinical features and outcome of patients with left circumflex artery (LCX) infarct-related acute myocardial infarction (AMI). This study was conducted to investigate the clinical features and outcome of patients who underwent direct percutaneous coronary intervention (d-PCI) for AMI caused by LCX occlusion, and to(More)
BACKGROUND Increased plasma endothelin (ET)-1 concentrations have been observed in patients with rheumatic mitral stenosis (MS). However, the mechanisms of increased circulating ET-1 in patients with MS remain unclear. METHODS We measured plasma concentrations of ET-1 in blood samples from the femoral vein and artery, and right and left atria obtained(More)
Total mortality and sudden cardiac death is highly prevalent in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). In CKD patients, the protein-bound uremic retention solute indoxyl sulfate (IS) is independently associated with cardiovascular disease. However, the underlying mechanisms of this association have yet to be elucidated. The relationship between IS and(More)
BACKGROUND Circulating soluble P-selectin (sP-selectin), a biomarker of platelet activation is substantially increased in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). However, the circulating level of sP-selectin in patients in the early (onset of AMI > 12 h but < 7 d) or recent (onset of AMI > 8 d but < 21 d) phase after AMI remains unclear. The(More)
BACKGROUND Previously, researchers have suggested that Soluble (s) P-selectin mediates the accumulation of leukocytes which in turn promotes fibril deposition. Soluble P-selectin and white blood cell (WBC) counts have been shown to be increased in the systemic circulation after acute myocardial infarction (AMI). However, whether the infarct coronary artery(More)
OBJECTIVE p-Cresylsulphate (PCS), a protein-bound uraemic retention solute, is known to cause endothelial dysfunction and possibly plays a role in coronary atherosclerosis. We aimed to investigate the relationship of total PCS with traditional biomarkers associated with chronic coronary atherosclerosis. In addition, the relationship between serum total PCS(More)