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BACKGROUND The link between increased circulating level of endothelin (ET)-1 and adverse clinical outcomes after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) has been established. Current studies demonstrate that reperfusion therapy by either thrombolysis or primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) can salvage myocardium, improving survival of AMI patients.(More)
BACKGROUND Women have had a higher early mortality rate than men after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in the prethrombolytic and thrombolytic eras. Primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has been shown to significantly improve survival of patients with AMI, and to be superior to thrombolytic therapy in terms of immediate restoration of normal(More)
OBJECTIVES Even though shift work has been suspected to be a risk factor for cardiovascular disease, little research has been done to determine the logical underlying inflammation mechanisms. This study investigated the association between shift work and circulating total and differential leukocyte counts among Chinese steel workers. METHODS The subjects(More)
While increased arterial stiffness is a known risk of cardiovascular disease, pulse wave velocity (PWV) is a conventionally adopted index of arterial stiffness. However, the relationship between PWV and left ventricular functions are not thoroughly evaluated. This cross-sectional study investigated whether PWV measurement is an early indicator of left(More)
Visfatin is a cytokine that is expressed in many tissues, including the heart, and has been proposed to play a role in plaque destabilization leading to acute myocardial injury. The present study evaluates plasma levels of visfatin in acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients and examines the temporal changes in visfatin levels from the(More)
OBJECTIVE Epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) is a part of visceral fat deposited around the heart between the pericardium and myocardium along the distribution of coronary arteries. EAT thickness is reported to be associated with coronary atherosclerosis; however, no study has measured EAT volume in patients with type 2 diabetes or investigate its association(More)
BACKGROUND Indoxyl sulphate (IS) and p-cresylsulphate (PCS) are uremic toxins with similar protein-binding, dialytic clearance, and proinflammatory features. Few studies have evaluated the possible associations between these solutes and coronary artery disease (CAD) in type 2 diabetes (T2D) patients. METHODS A hospital-based case control study was(More)
OBJECTIVE p-Cresylsulphate (PCS), a protein-bound uraemic retention solute, is known to cause endothelial dysfunction and possibly plays a role in coronary atherosclerosis. We aimed to investigate the relationship of total PCS with traditional biomarkers associated with chronic coronary atherosclerosis. In addition, the relationship between serum total PCS(More)
Total mortality and sudden cardiac death is highly prevalent in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). In CKD patients, the protein-bound uremic retention solute indoxyl sulfate (IS) is independently associated with cardiovascular disease. However, the underlying mechanisms of this association have yet to be elucidated. The relationship between IS and(More)
BACKGROUND The circulating levels of adhesion molecules, such as vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), have been demonstrated to be elevated in patients with rheumatic mitral stenosis (MS). However, the impact of percutaneous transluminal mitral valvuloplasty (PTMV) on the elevated circulating levels of(More)