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Comparative analysis of multiple genomes in a phylogenetic framework dramatically improves the precision and sensitivity of evolutionary inference, producing more robust results than single-genome analyses can provide. The genomes of 12 Drosophila species, ten of which are presented here for the first time (sechellia, simulans, yakuba, erecta, ananassae,(More)
In the framework of the problem of combining different gene trees into a unique species phylogeny, a model for duplication/speciation/loss events along the evolutionary tree is introduced. The model is employed for embedding a phylogeny tree into another one via the so-called duplication/speciation principle requiring that the gene duplicated evolves in(More)
The sequencing of the 12 genomes of members of the genus Drosophila was taken as an opportunity to reevaluate the genetic and physical maps for 11 of the species, in part to aid in the mapping of assembled scaffolds. Here, we present an overview of the importance of cytogenetic maps to Drosophila biology and to the concepts of chromosomal evolution.(More)
When evaluating sequence similarities among nucleic acids by the usual methods, statistical significance is often found when the biological significance of the similarity is dubious. We demonstrate that the known statistical properties of nucleic acid sequences strongly affect the statistical distribution of similarity values when calculated by standard(More)
Chapter Overview This chapter discusses analytic and algorithmic results for computational protein structure prediction by protein sequence-structure alignment, an approach also known as protein threading. Biological results are beyond the scope of this chapter, but may be found in 1, 2 , 3 , 4. See also the chapter by D a vid Jones in this volume, which(More)
A new analytical method has been used to examine the set of 40 exon/intron boundaries within the rat embryonic myosin heavy chain (MHCemb) gene. It has also been applied to an additional set of 850 splice sequences selected from GenBank. Strong evidence is obtained for the involvement of 3' ends but not 5' ends of exon sequences in splice site recognition.(More)
Pairwise contact potentials have a long, successful history in protein structure prediction. They provide an easily-estimated representation of many attributes of protein structures, such as the hydrophobic effect. In order to improve on existing potentials, one should develop a clear understanding of precisely what information they convey. Here, using(More)
We address the problem of comparing and characterizing the promoter regions of genes with similar expression patterns. This remains a challenging problem in sequence analysis, because often the promoter regions of co-expressed genes do not show discernible sequence conservation. In our approach, thus, we have not directly compared the nucleotide sequence of(More)
A simple, fast, and biologically inspired computational approach for inferring genome-scale rearrangement phylogeny and ancestral gene order has been developed. This has been applied to eight Drosophila genomes. Existing techniques are either limited to a few hundred markers or a small number of taxa. This analysis uses over 14,000 genomic loci and employs(More)
BACKGROUND The origin and early evolution of the active site of the ribosome can be elucidated through an analysis of the ribosomal proteins' taxonomic block structures and their RNA interactions. Comparison between the two subunits, exploiting the detailed three-dimensional structures of the bacterial and archaeal ribosomes, is especially informative. (More)