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The identification of maximally homologous subsequences among sets of long sequences is an important problem in molecular sequence analysis. The problem is straightforward only if one restricts consideration to contiguous subsequences (segments) containing no internal deletions or insertions. The more general problem has its solution in an extension of(More)
A 2.91-billion base pair (bp) consensus sequence of the euchromatic portion of the human genome was generated by the whole-genome shotgun sequencing method. The 14.8-billion bp DNA sequence was generated over 9 months from 27,271,853 high-quality sequence reads (5.11-fold coverage of the genome) from both ends of plasmid clones made from the DNA of five(More)
The fly Drosophila melanogaster is one of the most intensively studied organisms in biology and serves as a model system for the investigation of many developmental and cellular processes common to higher eukaryotes, including humans. We have determined the nucleotide sequence of nearly all of the approximately 120-megabase euchromatic portion of the(More)
Comparative analysis of multiple genomes in a phylogenetic framework dramatically improves the precision and sensitivity of evolutionary inference, producing more robust results than single-genome analyses can provide. The genomes of 12 Drosophila species, ten of which are presented here for the first time (sechellia, simulans, yakuba, erecta, ananassae,(More)
A multiple sequence alignment algorithm is described that uses a dynamic programming-based pattern construction method to align a set of homologous sequences based on their common pattern of conserved sequence elements. This pattern-induced multi-sequence alignment (PIMA) algorithm can employ secondary-structure dependent gap penalties for use in(More)
In the framework of the problem of combining different gene trees into a unique species phylogeny, a model for duplication/speciation/loss events along the evolutionary tree is introduced. The model is employed for embedding a phylogeny tree into another one via the so-called duplication/speciation principle requiring that the gene duplicated evolves in(More)
The sequencing of the 12 genomes of members of the genus Drosophila was taken as an opportunity to reevaluate the genetic and physical maps for 11 of the species, in part to aid in the mapping of assembled scaffolds. Here, we present an overview of the importance of cytogenetic maps to Drosophila biology and to the concepts of chromosomal evolution.(More)
Some new metrics are introduced to measure the distance between biological sequences, such as amino acid sequences or nucleotide sequences. These metrics generalize a metric of Sellers, who considered only single deletions, mutations, and insertions. The present metrics allow, for example, multiple deletions and insertions and single mutations. They also(More)