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Comparative analysis of multiple genomes in a phylogenetic framework dramatically improves the precision and sensitivity of evolutionary inference, producing more robust results than single-genome analyses can provide. The genomes of 12 Drosophila species, ten of which are presented here for the first time (sechellia, simulans, yakuba, erecta, ananassae,(More)
WD proteins are made up of highly conserved repeating units usually ending with Trp-Asp (WD). They are found in all eukaryotes but not in prokaryotes. They regulate cellular functions, such as cell division, cell-fate determination, gene transcription, transmembrane signalling, mRNA modification and vesicle fusion. Here we define the common features of the(More)
A multiple sequence alignment algorithm is described that uses a dynamic programming-based pattern construction method to align a set of homologous sequences based on their common pattern of conserved sequence elements. This pattern-induced multi-sequence alignment (PIMA) algorithm can employ secondary-structure dependent gap penalties for use in(More)
In the framework of the problem of combining different gene trees into a unique species phylogeny, a model for duplication/speciation/loss events along the evolutionary tree is introduced. The model is employed for embedding a phylogeny tree into another one via the so-called duplication/speciation principle requiring that the gene duplicated evolves in(More)
The sequencing of the 12 genomes of members of the genus Drosophila was taken as an opportunity to reevaluate the genetic and physical maps for 11 of the species, in part to aid in the mapping of assembled scaffolds. Here, we present an overview of the importance of cytogenetic maps to Drosophila biology and to the concepts of chromosomal evolution.(More)
A new method has been developed to compute the probability that each amino acid in a protein sequence is in a particular secondary structural element. Each of these probabilities is computed using the entire sequence and a set of predefined structural class models. This set of structural classes is patterned after Jane Richardson's taxonomy for the domains(More)
Metric trees are dendrograms which show the phylogenetic relationships for a set of contemporary species. These dendrograms have numerical values attached to the branches. If the sum of these values on the branches between any two contemporary species is equal to the dissimilarity between these two species, the metric tree is said to be additive and possess(More)
Pairwise contact potentials have a long, successful history in protein structure prediction. They provide an easily-estimated representation of many attributes of protein structures, such as the hydrophobic effect. In order to improve on existing potentials, one should develop a clear understanding of precisely what information they convey. Here, using(More)
A new analytical method has been used to examine the set of 40 exon/intron boundaries within the rat embryonic myosin heavy chain (MHCemb) gene. It has also been applied to an additional set of 850 splice sequences selected from GenBank. Strong evidence is obtained for the involvement of 3' ends but not 5' ends of exon sequences in splice site recognition.(More)
The Cilium, the Nucleus and the Mitochondrion are three important organelles whose evolutionary histories are intimately related to the evolution and origin of the eukaryotic cell. The cilium is involved in motility and sensory transduction. The cilium is only found in the eukaryotic cells. Here we show that eight gene duplications prior to the last common(More)