Learn More
BACKGROUND Diabetes is one of the most common endocrine disorders characterized by hyperglycaemia. Diabetic nephropathy is a consequence of long standing diabetes. The prevalence of microalbuminuria predicts progression to diabetic nephropathy. The present study was conducted to determine the prevalence of microalbuminuria in relation to duration of(More)
BACKGROUND Smoking plays a key role in increasing the inflammatory marker C-reactive protein (CRP). AIMS To examine inverse correlation between CRP and magnesium levels in smokers and nonsmokers. MATERIALS AND METHODS A total of 192 healthy adult male subjects were included in the present study, out of which 96 were smokers and the remaining 96 were(More)
BACKGROUND Pakistan Medical and Dental Council has recently replaced 'composite scheme' of first Professional MBBS examination with 'split scheme'. In composite scheme First Professional MBBS examination is offered after 2 years in medical college while in split scheme the same examination is split into two parts, Part-I after first year and Part-II after(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the relationship of seminal free L-carnitine with functional spermatozoal characteristics. METHODS This observational study was conducted at the Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre, Karachi, from August 2009 to June 2013, and comprised fertile and infertile subjects. Semen analysis was performed and reported for its volume, sperm(More)
  • 1