Teemu T. Junttila

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BACKGROUND HER-2/neu gene amplification has predictive value in breast cancer patients responding to trastuzumab. We wanted to investigate the frequency and clinical significance of HER-2/neu amplification in gastric carcinoma. PATIENTS AND METHODS The frequency of HER-2/neu and Topoisomerase IIalpha gene amplification was studied in adenocarcinomas of(More)
Herceptin (trastuzumab) is the backbone of HER2-directed breast cancer therapy and benefits patients in both the adjuvant and metastatic settings. Here, we describe a mechanism of action for trastuzumab whereby antibody treatment disrupts ligand-independent HER2/HER3 interactions in HER2-amplified cells. The kinetics of dissociation parallels HER3(More)
Trastuzumab (Herceptin®) is currently used as a treatment for patients whose breast tumors overexpress HER2/ErbB2. Trastuzumab-DM1 (T-DM1, trastuzumab emtansine) is designed to combine the clinical benefits of trastuzumab with a potent microtubule-disrupting drug, DM1 (a maytansine derivative). Currently T-DM1 is being tested in multiple clinical trials.(More)
ErbB1 and ErbB2 receptors are well-characterized targets for anticancer drugs, but the clinical relevance of the related ErbB4 receptor is unknown. Here, we have assessed the clinical significance of the proteolytically cleavable ErbB4 isoforms in breast cancer patients and investigated their functions in vitro. The expression of transcripts encoding the(More)
Clinical resistance to the HER-2 oncogene-targeting drug trastuzumab (Herceptin) exists, but studies of the resistance mechanisms are hampered by the lack of suitable experimental model systems. We established a carcinoma cell line (designated JIMT-1) from a pleural metastasis of a 62-year old patient with breast cancer who was clinically resistant to(More)
PURPOSE The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) inhibitor gefitinib (Iressa) has shown antitumor activity in clinical trials against cancers, such as non-small cell lung cancer and head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). Research on non-small cell lung cancer has elucidated factors that may predict response to gefitinib. Less is known about(More)
Several growth factors originally characterized and named for their action on a variety of cells have more recently been suggested to be importantly involved in the development and maintenance of the nervous system. Acidic fibroblast growth factor (aFGF) is a member of a family of seven structurally related polypeptide growth factors. The cells responsible(More)
PURPOSE This study was designed to investigate the biological and therapeutic significance of ERBB1, ERBB2, ERBB3, and ERBB4 in childhood ependymoma. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN The expression frequency and clinical significance of ERBB1-4 was analyzed in a large cohort of pediatric ependymoma (n = 121) using immunohistochemistry, Western blotting, and reverse(More)
The ErbB1 and ErbB2 receptors are oncogenes with therapeutic significance in human cancer, whereas the transforming potential of the related ErbB4 receptor has remained controversial. Here, we have addressed whether four alternatively spliced ErbB4 isoforms differ in regulating cellular responses relevant for tumor growth. We show that the two tumor(More)
Recruitment of vascular smooth muscle cells (SMC) by endothelial cells (EC) is essential for angiogenesis. Endothelial-derived heparin binding EGF-like growth factor (HB-EGF) was shown to mediate this process by signaling via ErbB1 and ErbB2 receptors in SMCs. 1) Analysis of ErbB-ligands demonstrated that primary ECs expressed only HB-EGF and neuregulin-1.(More)