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Delay-tolerant Networking (DTN) enables communication in sparse mobile ad-hoc networks and other challenged environments where traditional networking fails and new routing and application protocols are required. Past experience with DTN routing and application protocols has shown that their performance is highly dependent on the underlying mobility and node(More)
Allowing mobile users to find and access resources available in the surrounding environment opportunistically via their smart devices could enable them to create and use a rich set of services. Such services can go well beyond what is possible for a mobile phone acting alone. In essense, access to diverse resources such as raw computational power, social(More)
The communication paradigms for delay-tolerant networking have been modeled after email. Supporting email over DTNs in a backwards compatible manner in a heterogeneous environment has yet to be fully defined. In this paper, we present a set of conventions for and extensions to the DTNRG architecture. We have implemented a system that is able to deliver(More)
Delay-tolerant Networking (DTN) provides a platform for applications in environments where end-to-end paths may be highly unreliable or do not exist at all. In many applications such as distributed wikis or photo sharing, users need to be able to find content even when they do not know an unambiguous identifier. In order do bring these applications to the(More)
In this paper we demonstrate an application platform architecture and implementation that allows developers to easily target opportunistic networks. The platform includes an opportunistic router, HTML5 application development framework, and an opportunistic application market for distributing applications. We demonstrate the platform and multiple HTML5(More)
Mobile phones are becoming commonplace for consuming Internet content and services. However, availability, affordability, and quality of the supposedly ubiquitous cellular network infrastructure may be limited, so that delay-tolerant web access via WLAN hotspots becomes an interesting alternative, even in urban areas. In this paper we explore mobile web(More)
Opportunistic networking between mobile devices relies on the capabilities of those devices to establish ad-hoc communication among each other. While the two dominant wireless interface technologies, IEEE 802.11 wireless LAN and Bluetooth, offer such capabilities in theory, limitations of the protocol specification, chipsets, and operating systems in mobile(More)
We present the Liberouter framework, a complete communication system design (and its implementation) to enable neighborhood networking without relying on the Internet infrastructure for information exchange. The core is a low-cost router platform that serves as WLAN access points, individual or (dis)connected ones, and offers message storage and relaying in(More)
— Today's Push-to-talk (PTT) services are infrastructure based and require stable end-to-end paths for successful communication. However, users with PTT enabled mobile devices may roam in challenged environments where infrastructure is not available. In such cases the traditional PTT services may exhibit poor performance or even fail completely.(More)