Teemu Honkanen

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BACKGROUND Noninvasive, sensitive, and specific tools for early identification of chronic inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) are needed for clinical practice. The aim was to identify new noninvasive test combinations for characterization of IBD in children and adolescents by comparing serological responses to microbial antigens and fecal calprotectin, a new(More)
Enterovirus infections have been linked to type 1 diabetes in several studies. Enteroviruses also have tropism to pancreatic islets and can cause β-cell damage in experimental models. Viral persistence has been suspected to be an important pathogenetic factor. This study evaluates whether gut mucosa is a reservoir for enterovirus persistence in type 1(More)
Enterovirus infections have been diagnosed more frequently in type 1 diabetic patients than in the healthy population, and enteroviruses have also been found in the pancreas of diabetic patients. Primary replication of the virus occurs in the gut, but there are no previous studies evaluating possible presence of virus in the intestine of diabetic patients.(More)
BACKGROUND Immunoglobulin-A nephropathy (IgAN) is the most common chronic glomerulonephritis worldwide. Many clinical and histopathological risk factors for progression have been found previously. Recently, metabolic risk factors, such as hyperuricaemia and hypertriglyceridaemia, also have been associated with the progression of IgAN. METHODS In the(More)
Many risk factors for progression in immunoglobulin A nephropathy (IgAN) have been found. We focused on renal leukocyte infiltrations and cytokines in IgAN. The subjects were 204 IgAN patients. Renal histopathological changes were semiquantitatively graded. Expression of tubulointerstitial Leukocyte common antigen (LCA), CD3, CD68, interleukin (IL)-1beta,(More)
During the 1990–1998 diphtheria epidemic in the newly independent states of the former Soviet Union, more than 150,000 infections and 5,000 deaths occurred. During this period, more than 10 million trips were made from Finland to Russia or vice versa. This resulted in only 10 cases of diphtheria in Finland. There was no secondary spread to healthcare(More)
BACKGROUND Clinical manifestation of IgA nephropathy (IgAN) strikingly occurs after respiratory tract infections. An intestinal inflammation has also been described. We hypothesized that the intestinal inflammation should manifest itself as an increase in inflammatory cells and mucosal cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2) expression. METHODS By using(More)
BACKGROUND Bacteria are implicated as important factors in the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). The aim of this study was to seek evidence of possible bacterial targets of the immune response related to IBD in children. METHODS Seventy-eight children referred to the Department of Paediatrics at Tampere University Hospital on suspicion of(More)
Cardiovascular complications are a major problem in chronic renal failure. We examined the effects of plasma calcium, phosphate, parathyroid hormone (PTH), and calcitriol on cardiac morphology in 5/6 nephrectomized rats. Fifteen weeks after nephrectomy rats were given a control diet, high-calcium or -phosphorus diet, or given paricalcitol treatment for 12(More)
BACKGROUND Enterovirus infections are frequent in all age groups. In addition to acute infections, they have been connected to chronic diseases such as cardiomyopathies and type 1 diabetes. Based on this there is an increasing need for the reliable detection of enteroviruses in different kinds of tissue samples. OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to set(More)