Teemu Heikkilä

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Mesoporous silicon (PSi) microparticles were produced using thermal carbonization (TCPSi) or thermal oxidation (TOPSi) to obtain surfaces suitable for oral drug administration applications. The loading of five model drugs (antipyrine, ibuprofen, griseofulvin, ranitidine and furosemide) into the microparticles and their subsequent release behaviour were(More)
Cytotoxicity of ordered mesoporous silica MCM-41 and SBA-15 microparticles (fractions between 1 and 160 microm) was determined in vitro on undifferentiated human colon carcinoma (Caco-2) cell line, considering the feasibility of using these silica-based materials in oral drug formulations. The cellular endpoints employed for assessing the effects of the(More)
A poorly soluble model drug, indomethacin (IMC), was loaded into two types of silica particles using three different loading methods. The loading efficiency and the extent/rate of drug release were evaluated. Widely used equipment in pharmaceutical laboratories, rotavapor and fluid bed, were used in the loading. The porous materials used were ordered(More)
For the first time the feasibility of siliceous mesoporous material TUD-1 (Technische Universiteit Delft) for drug delivery was studied. Model drug, ibuprofen, was adsorbed into TUD-1 mesopores via a soaking procedure. Characterizations with nitrogen adsorption, XRD, TG, HPLC and DSC demonstrated the successful inclusion of ibuprofen into TUD-1 host. The(More)
Mesoporous materials have an ability to enhance dissolution properties of poorly soluble drugs. In this study, different mesoporous silicon (thermally oxidized and thermally carbonized) and non-ordered mesoporous silica (Syloid AL-1 and 244) microparticles were compared as drug carriers for a hydrophobic drug, itraconazole (ITZ). Different surface(More)
We report here the in vitro cytotoxicity of mesoporous silicon (PSi) microparticles on the Caco-2 cells as a function of particle size fractions (1.2-75 microm), particle concentration (0.2-4 mg ml(-1)) and incubation times (3, 11 and 24 h). The particle size (smaller PSi particles showed higher cytotoxicity) and the surface chemistry treatment of the PSi(More)
Because of its biocompatibility and ability to accommodate a variety of payloads from poorly soluble drugs to biomolecules, porous silicon (PSi) is a lucrative material for the development of carriers for particle-mediated drug delivery. We report a successful direct one-step (18)F-radiolabeling of three types of PSi microparticles, thermally(More)
The aim was to investigate if solid drug/cyclodextrin complexes could be produced in a single-step process with a solution enhanced dispersion by supercritical fluids (SEDS) method. Budesonide and gamma-cyclodextrin (CD) solutions (50% or 99.5% ethanol) were pumped from the same (conventional method) or separate (modified method) containers together with(More)
Sink conditions used in dissolution tests lead to rapid dissolution rates for nanosuspensions, causing difficulties in discriminating dissolution profiles between different formulations. Here, non-sink conditions were studied for the dissolution testing of poorly water-soluble drug nanosuspensions. A mathematical model for polydispersed particles was(More)
The combined release and permeation behavior of furosemide loaded into thermally carbonized mesoporous silicon (TCPSi) microparticles was studied in order to evaluate the potential of TCPSi-loading to improve permeation of furosemide, a BCS class IV compound. Permeation was studied across Caco-2 monolayers at pH 5.5, 6.8 and 7.4 from drug solutions and(More)