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BACKGROUND The mesolimbic dopamine (DA) system is implicated in the development and maintenance of alcohol drinking; however, the exact mechanisms by which DA regulates human alcohol consumption are unclear. This study assessed the distinct effects of alcohol-related cues and alcohol administration on striatal DA release in healthy humans. METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND A dopaminergic response to alcohol in humans has not been demonstrated consistently with positron emission tomography (PET). We hypothesized that the effect of alcohol on striatal dopamine (DA) release may be anatomically heterogeneous between subjects. Our approach was to identify voxels that exhibited alcohol-induced DA responses within the(More)
  • Kay Karmen, Yoder, Karmen K Yoder, Karmen K Order, Cristian Yoder, David A Constantinescu +19 others
  • 2007
Background: A dopaminergic response to alcohol in humans has not been demonstrated consistently with PET. We hypothesized that the effect of alcohol on striatal dopamine (DA) release may be anatomically heterogeneous between subjects. Our approach was to identify voxels that exhibited alcohol-induced DA responses within the striatum, and to determine the(More)
The purpose of this study is to investigate the changes of Leu-Enkephalin (L-Enk) content in striatum and hypothalamus of rats during hyperbaric (HBO) oxygen exposure. Thirty-two male rats in the experiment were randomly divided into four groups: normobaric air group, normoxic hyperbaric nitrox group, nonconvulsion HBO group and convulsion HBO group. L-Enk(More)
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