Ted Tao Yuan

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Despite the extensive molecular information on serum-derived human hepatitis B viruses (HBV), liver-derived replicative HBV genomes have remained largely uninvestigated. We have examined the sequences of the entire core antigen (nucleocapsid) of liver-derived HBVs in 15 different hepatoma patients. Bona fide mutations, rather than subtype polymorphism, have(More)
Naturally occurring variants of human hepatitis B virus (HBV) containing the core internal deletion (CID) mutation have been found frequently in HBV carriers worldwide. Despite numerous sequence analysis reports of CID variants in patients, in the past decade, CID variants have not been characterized functionally, and thus their biological significance to(More)
A very frequent missense mutation at codon 97 of human hepatitis B virus (HBV) core antigen (HBcAg) has been found in chronic carriers worldwide. Functional characterization of this mutant revealed one intracellular and two extracellular phenotypes in contrast to wild-type HBV: (i) a 6- to 12-fold decrease in the level of the full-length relaxed circular(More)
The most frequent mutation of the human hepatitis B virus (HBV) core antigen occurs at amino acid 97. Recently, a phenylalanine (F)-to-leucine (L) mutation at this position (mutant F97L) in HBV surface antigen subtype ayw has been shown to result in an immature secretion phenotype, which is characterized by the nonselective export of an excessive amount of(More)
Defective interfering (DI) particles have been found in many RNA and DNA viruses of bacteria, plants, and animals since their first discovery in influenza virus. However, this fundamental phenomenon has not been demonstrated in human natural infections. Using a new approach, here we provide the first experimental evidence for the existence of DI-like(More)
Two precore predominant mutations of human hepatitis B virus (HBV) at either nucleotide (nt) 1896 or nt 1899 often occur in combination. At nt 1896, a G to A mutation creates a TAG stop codon at codon 28 of precore protein. At nt 1899, a G to A mutation changes glycine at codon 29 to aspartic acid. To assess the effect of each individual mutation as well as(More)
A frequent mutation at codon 97 of human hepatitis B virus core antigen has been shown to cause an "immature secretion" phenotype, featuring nonselective and excessive secretions of virions containing immature viral genome. Our current study demonstrates that this abnormality can be efficiently offset by another frequent core mutation, P130T.
The functional significance of naturally occurring variants of human hepatitis B virus (HBV) remains largely unknown. Previously, we reported an immature secretion phenotype caused by a highly frequent mutation at amino acid 97 of the HBV core (capsid) protein (HBcAg). This phenotype is characterized by a nonselective and excessive secretion of virions(More)
At eBay Market Place, listing conversion rate can be measured by number of items sold divided by number of items in a sample set. For a given item, conversion rate can also be treated as the probability of sale. By investigating eBay listings' transactional patterns, as well as item attributes and user click-through data, we developed conversion models that(More)
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