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WordNet::Similarity is a freely available software package that makes it possible to measure the semantic similarity and relatedness between a pair of concepts (or synsets). It provides six measures of similarity, and three measures of relatedness, all of which are based on the lexical database WordNet. These measures are implemented as Perl modules which(More)
This paper presents a new measure of semantic relatedness between concepts that is based on the number of shared words (overlaps) in their definitions (glosses). This measure is unique in that it extends the glosses of the concepts under consideration to include the glosses of other concepts to which they are related according to a given concept hierarchy.(More)
This paper presents an adaptation of Lesk’s dictionary– based word sense disambiguation algorithm. Rather than using a standard dictionary as the source of glosses for our approach, the lexical database WordNet is employed. This provides a rich hierarchy of semantic relations that our algorithm can exploit. This method is evaluated using the English lexical(More)
Measures of semantic similarity between concepts are widely used in Natural Language Processing. In this article, we show how six existing domain-independent measures can be adapted to the biomedical domain. These measures were originally based on WordNet, an English lexical database of concepts and relations. In this research, we adapt these measures to(More)
In this paper, we introduce a WordNetbased measure of semantic relatedness by combining the structure and content of WordNet with co–occurrence information derived from raw text. We use the co–occurrence information along with the WordNet definitions to build gloss vectors corresponding to each concept in WordNet. Numeric scores of relatedness are assigned(More)
This paper systematically compares unsupervised word sense discrimination techniques that cluster instances of a target word that occur in raw text using both vector and similarity spaces. The context of each instance is represented as a vector in a high dimensional feature space. Discrimination is achieved by clustering these context vectors directly in(More)
The Ngram Statistics Package (NSP) is a flexible and easy– to–use software tool that supports the identification and analysis of Ngrams, sequences of N tokens in online text. We have designed and implemented NSP to be easy to customize to particular problems and yet remain general enough to serve a broad range of needs. This paper provides an introduction(More)
This article presents a method of word sense disambiguation that assigns a target word the sense that is most related to the senses of its neighboring words. We explore the use of measures of similarity and relatedness that are based on finding paths in a concept network, information content derived from a large corpus, and word sense glosses. We observe(More)
This paper presents the task definition, resources, participating systems, and comparative results for the shared task on word alignment, which was organized as part of the HLT/NAACL 2003 Workshop on Building and Using Parallel Texts. The shared task included Romanian-English and English-French sub-tasks, and drew the participation of seven teams from(More)