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OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to elucidate the role of the superficial region of articular cartilage in determining the dynamic properties of the tissue. It is hypothesised that removal of the superficial region will influence both the flow dependent and independent properties of articular cartilage, leading to a reduction in the dynamic modulus(More)
While it is well established that the composition and organisation of articular cartilage dramatically change during skeletal maturation, relatively little is known about how this impacts the mechanical properties of the tissue. In this study, digital image correlation was first used to quantify spatial deformation within mechanically compressed skeletally(More)
Cellular level freeze injury was investigated after controlled freezing of an Eker rat uterine fibroid cell line in both the presence and absence of oestradiol. The connection between thermal history and cell injury in single ELT-3 cells in suspension (without oestradiol) was studied through a two-level, four-parameter (2(4)) experiment with membrane dye(More)
The anatomical basis for urinary continence depends on a thorough understanding of the tissues in the urethra. The objective of this study was to evaluate the morphology and neuroanatomy of urethral striated muscle, called the rhabdosphincter or external urethral sphincter, in normal female rats. Urethras from 12 female rats were dissected from the bladder,(More)
OBJECTIVE To explore how changes to the superficial region (SR) of articular cartilage during skeletal development impact its functional properties. It was hypothesised that a functional superficial region is not present in skeletally immature articular cartilage, and removal of this zone of the tissue would only negatively impact the dynamic modulus of the(More)
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