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Treatment of rabbit neutrophils with pertussis toxin, but not cholera toxin, inhibits the increases produced by formylmethionyl-leucyl-phenylalanine, leukotriene B4 and the calcium ionophore A23187 in the amounts of actin associated with the cytoskeletons. The increase in the cytoskeletal actin produced by phorbol 12-myristate, 13-acetate on the other hand(More)
The addition of the chemotactic peptide formylmethionylleucylphenylalanine (fMet-Leu-Phe) to human neutrophils pretreated with the cytokine granulocyte/macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) results in a 10-fold enhanced activity of phospholipase A2, measured as the release of arachidonic acid. It is found that GM-CSF increases the tyrosine(More)
The addition of platelet-activating factor (PAF) to human neutrophils increases phosphorylation on tyrosine residues and stimulates the activity of p42erk2 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAP kinase). This action is rapid and transient. In contrast, p42erk2, p44erk1 and the p40hera MAP kinase isoforms are all not tyrosine phosphorylated or activated in(More)
Pretreatment of rat peritoneal mast cells, human basophils, bone marrow-derived mouse mast cells (BMMC) and mouse mast cell line PT-18 cells with 1 microgram/ml pertussis toxin (PT) failed to inhibit immunoglobulin E (IgE)-dependent histamine release from the cells. In BMMC and PT-18 cells, even 20-hr incubation of the cells with 1 microgram/ml PT, which(More)
The tumor co-promoter phorbol 12, myristate 13, acetate (PMA) has previously been shown to stimulate several of the characteristic functions (aggregation, degranulation, and the oxidative burst) of polymorphonuclear leukocytes (neutrophils). We describe here a novel feature of the action of PMA on neutrophils, namely its ability to inhibit the chemotactic(More)
The role of the newly identified p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAP kinase) in terminally differentiated cells, such as human neutrophils, is totally unknown. In order to examine the possible role of this MAP kinase in the phosphorylation and activation of cytoplasmic phospholipase A2 (cPLA2), we tested the effect of the recently synthesized(More)
The presence of a novel 38 kDa protein that is tyrosine phosphorylated in human neutrophils, a terminally differentiated cell, upon stimulation of these cells with low concentrations of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in combination with serum has been demonstrated. This 38 kDa protein was identified as the mammalian homologue of HOG1 in yeast, the p38(More)
The possible involvement of membrane-bound calcium in the mechanism of action of leukotriene B4 was examined using the fluorescent chelate probe, chlortetracycline. Leukotriene B4 was found to cause a rapid release of membrane-bound calcium at physiologically relevant concentrations. This effect of leukotriene B4 is stereospecific and its magnitude is(More)