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To evaluate three promising social learning approaches to the treatment of alcoholism, 69 male alcoholics in standard inpatient treatment participated in either a communication skills training group (CST), a communication skills training group with family participation (CSTF) or a cognitive behavioral mood management training group (CBMMT). Alcoholics who(More)
Brief motivational interventions (BMIs) are usually effective for reducing alcohol use and consequences in primary care settings. We examined readiness to change drinking as a mediator of the effects of BMI on alcohol-related consequences. Participants were randomized into three conditions: (a) standard care plus assessment (SC), (b) SC plus BMI (BI), and(More)
Little empirical work has been done in the alcohol field on the issue of motivating reticent people into treatment. This study explored the impact of a program that involved counseling an alcoholic's social network to eventually confront the alcoholic in urging him or her to seek treatment. Twenty-four social networks (relatives plus significant others)(More)
There is a well-established relationship between alcohol expectancies and drinking behavior. The purpose of the present study was to extend the literature by examining the role of alcohol expectancies in determining readiness to change drinking behavior among injured emergency department patients who screened positive for hazardous drinking. Negative(More)
Responses of alcohol abusers and social drinkers were compared on general and alcohol-specific problem situations using role-play methodology. Multiple responses were assessed including behavioral observational ratings, self-reports and psychophysiologic measures. There were few differences between groups in responses to the general situations. Alcohol(More)
Family functioning of 20 alcoholic male veterans and their female partners was assessed in relation to drinking (wet) and abstinent (dry) intervals. Repeated measures analyses performed on the McMaster Family Assessment Device (FAD) indicated that on all 7 scales of the FAD, alcoholics and their mates perceived family functioning to be better during dry(More)
BACKGROUND Emergency department (ED) patients comprise a high-risk population for alcohol misuse and sexual risk for HIV. In order to design future interventions to increase HIV screening uptake, we examined the interrelationship among alcohol misuse, sexual risk for HIV and HIV screening uptake among these patients. METHODS A random sample of(More)
To ultimately create more effective brief interventions (BIs), we compared the extent of alcohol misuse severity and estimated blood alcohol levels (BALs) between male and female emergency department (ED) patients. We surveyed a random sample of nonintoxicated subcritically ill or injured 18-64 year-old English-or Spanish-speaking patients on randomly(More)