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Removal of rain streaks in video is a challenging problem due to the random spatial distribution and fast motion of rain. This paper presents a new rain removal algorithm that incorporates both temporal and chromatic properties of rain in video. The temporal property states that an image pixel is never always covered by rain throughout the entire video. The(More)
The fermentation of various saccharides derived from cellulosic biomass to ethanol was examined in mono- and cocultures of Clostridium thermocellum strain LQRI and C. thermohydrosulfuricum strain 39E. C. thermohydrosulfuricum fermented glucose, cellobiose, and xylose, but not cellulose or xylan, and yielded ethanol/acetate ratios of >7.0. C. thermocellum(More)
This paper introduces a human body contour registration method for static pedestrian images with unconstrained background. By using a statistical compound model to impose structural and textural constraints on valid pedestrian appearances, the matching process is robust to image clutter. Experimental results show that the proposed method register pedestrian(More)
Thermophilic ethanol fermentations are of interest to industrial alcohol production because both the pentose and hexose fraction of biomass can be directly fermented in high yield (i.e., mol ethanol/mol substrate consumed), and because of potential novel process features associated with high temperature operation. As a net result, the co-culture cellulose(More)
Clostridium thermohydrosulfuricum consumed glucose in preference to cellobiose as an energy source for growth. The rates of substrate uptake in glucose- and cellobiose-grown cell suspensions were 45 and 24 nmol/min per mg (dry weight), respectively, at 65 degrees C. The molar growth yields (i.e., grams of cells per mole of glucose equivalents) were similar(More)
A field isolate of Desulfovibrio desulfuricans was grown in defined medium in a two-stage continuous culture apparatus with different concentrations of phosphate in the feed medium. The first state (V1) was operated as a conventional chemostat (D = 0.045 h) that was limited in energy source (lactate) or phosphate. The second stage (V2) received effluent(More)
The crude extracellular cellulase of Clostridium thermocellum LQRI (virgin strain) was very active and solubilized microcrystalline cellulose at one-half the rate observed for the extracellular cellulase of Trichoderma reesei QM9414 (mutant strain). C. thermocellum cellulase activity differed considerably from that of T. reesei as follows: higher(More)
An endoglucanase (1,4-beta-D-glucan glucanohydrolase, EC was purified from Clostridium thermocellum by procedures that included centrifugation, ultrafiltration, selective precipitation, ion-exchange Sephadex chromatography and preparative gel electrophoresis. The 22-fold-purified enzyme behaved as a homogeneous protein under non-denaturing(More)