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Endometriosis is a very common disease in pre-menopausal women, where defective metabolism of steroid hormones plays an important role in its development and promotion. In the present study, we have examined the expression of 11 estrogen and progesterone metabolizing enzymes and their corresponding receptors in samples of ovarian endometriomas and control(More)
BACKGROUND 17beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase from the fungus Cochliobolus lunatus (17beta-HSDcl) is a member of the short-chain dehydrogenase/reductase (SDR) superfamily. SDR proteins usually function as dimers or tetramers and 17beta-HSDcl is also a homodimer under native conditions. RESULTS We have investigated here which secondary structure elements(More)
Endometriosis is a complex estrogen-dependent disease that is defined as the presence of endometrial glands and stroma outside the uterine cavity. The etiology of endometriosis is multifactorial and includes complex interactions of genetic, immunological, hormonal and environmental factors. Many theories have been proposed, but no single theory can explain(More)
Fungal species are a very important source of many different enzymes, and the ability of fungi to transform steroids has been used for several decades in the production of compounds with a sterane skeleton. Here, we review the characterised and/or purified enzymes for steroid transformations, dividing them into two groups: (i) enzymes of the ergosterol(More)
Endometrial cancer is the most common malignancy of the female genital tract. Its incidence correlates with prolonged estrogen stimulation unopposed by progesterone or synthetic progestins. Estrogen and progestin action is regulated at the pre-receptor level, by interconversion of active hormones (estradiol (E2), progesterone (P)) with their inactive(More)
In the search for novel biomarkers of endometriosis, we selected 152 genes from the GeneLogic database based on results of genome-wide expression analysis of ovarian endometriosis, plus 20 genes related to estrogen metabolism and action. We then performed low-density array analysis of these 172 genes on 11 ovarian endometriosis samples and 9 control(More)
Expression levels of genes encoding phase I and phase II estrogen-metabolizing enzymes: CYP1A1, CYP1A2, CYP1B1, CYP3A5, CYP3A7, SULT1A1, SULT1E1, SULT2B1, COMT, UGT2B7, and GSTP1 were studied by real-time PCR in 38 samples of cancerous and adjacent control endometrium. We found significantly lower levels of CYP1B1 and CYP3A7, higher levels of SULT2B1,(More)
Human aldo-keto reductases AKR1C1-AKR1C4 and AKR1D1 play essential roles in the metabolism of all steroid hormones, the biosynthesis of neurosteroids and bile acids, the metabolism of conjugated steroids, and synthetic therapeutic steroids. These enzymes catalyze NADPH dependent reductions at the C3, C5, C17 and C20 positions on the steroid nucleus and(More)
Endometrial cancer is related to estrogen stimulation not opposed by progesterone. We have examined expression of the pre-receptor regulatory enzymes aromatase, 17beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenases (17beta-HSDs), 20alpha-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenases (20alpha-HSDs), sulfatase and sulfotransferase, and estrogen (ERs) and progesterone (PRs) receptors in(More)
Curvularia lunata is a dark pigmented fungus that is the causative agent of several diseases in plants and in both immunodeficient and immunocompetent patients. 1,8-Dihydroxynaphthalene-melanin is found in the cell wall of C. lunata and is believed to be the important virulence factor of dematiaceous fungi. Trihydroxynaphthalene reductase is an enzyme of(More)