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To explore traditional neonatal beliefs and care practices and to assess the predictors for giving prelacteal feeds, a qualitative and quantitative study was conducted in low socioeconomic settlements of Karachi, Pakistan. Five focus group discussions and 15 in-depth semi-structured interviews were conducted in July and August 2000; structured(More)
BACKGROUND Intimate partner violence (IPV) is an important public health issue with severe adverse consequences. Population-based data on IPV from Muslim societies are scarce, and Pakistan is no exception. This study was conducted among women residing in urban Karachi, to estimate the prevalence and frequency of different forms of IPV and their associations(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare open and laparoscopic appendectomies and to evaluate the level of efficacy of both types of appendectomy performed at Aga Khan University Hospital (AKUH). METHODS Based on this strong study rationale, a clinical audit of patient's records was performed to evaluate the significance of this technique as a treatment modality. The study(More)
Menstruation is a normal physiological process that is managed differently according to various social and cultural understandings. Therefore, this cross-sectional study was conducted to explore the menstrual practices among 1275 female adolescents of urban Karachi, Pakistan from April to October 2006 by using interviews. Data was entered and analyzed in(More)
OBJECTIVE To explore the experiences of social consequences among women suffering from secondary infertility. METHODS Descriptive case series of 400 women with secondary infertility attending tertiary care hospitals in Karachi, Pakistan. RESULTS More than two thirds (67.7%) of women stated that their inability to give live births or give birth to sons(More)
To explore traditional beliefs and practices, to assess puerperal morbidity, and to understand care-seeking behaviors, a qualitative and quantitative study was conducted in low socio-economic settlements of Karachi, Pakistan. Five focus group discussions and 15 in-depth interviews were conducted in July and August 2000. 525 Muslim women, who were 6-8 weeks(More)
Although numerous health care interventions have been implemented in Pakistan, the high maternal and neonatal mortality rates still remain a challenge. Developed countries have reduced maternal and neonatal mortality rates by improving the skill and knowledge levels of nurse-midwives. This paper reviews maternal and neonatal health issues, challenges in(More)
We conducted a cross-sectional study to estimate the prevalence of domestic violence and identify the reasons for it among 400 married women aged 15-45 years in low socioeconomic areas in urban Karachi. Data were collected with a pretested questionnaire. The prevalence of verbal abuse was 97.5% by the husband and 97.0% by the in-laws; the prevalence of(More)
OBJECTIVES To understand the level of knowledge, a community based study conducted with the objectives as follows: To estimate the proportion of common facilities available and accessible and frequency of utilizing of it. To estimate the proportion of female adolescent utilizing the availability of facilities. To assess the level of understanding related to(More)
BACKGROUND Pakistan is a patriarchal society where men are the primary authority figures and women are subordinate. This has serious implications on women's and men's life prospects. OBJECTIVE The aim was to explore current gender roles in urban Pakistan, how these are reproduced and maintained and influence men's and women's life circumstances. DESIGN(More)