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We report here the purification and characterization of phosphomannose isomerase-guanosine 5'-diphospho-D-mannose pyrophosphorylase, a bifunctional enzyme (PMI-GMP) which catalyzes both the phosphomannose isomerase (PMI) and guanosine 5'-diphospho-D-mannose pyrophosphorylase (GMP) reactions of the Pseudomonas aeruginosa alginate biosynthetic pathway. The(More)
Phosphomannose isomerase-guanosine 5'-diphospho-D-mannose pyrophosphorylase (PMI-GMP), which is encoded by the algA gene, catalyzes two noncontiguous steps in the alginate biosynthetic pathway of Pseudomonas aeruginosa; the isomerization of D-fructose 6-phosphate to D-mannose 6-phosphate and the synthesis of GDP-D-mannose and PPi from GTP and D-mannose(More)
Alginate is an important virulence factor of Pseudomonas aeruginosa, a bacterium that colonizes the pulmonary tracts of cystic fibrosis patients. Alginate is also widely used in the food, pharmaceutical and chemical industries, and consequently there is considerable interest in the molecular biology and biochemistry of alginate synthesis. As well as its(More)
The alg8 and alg44 genes, which are required for alginate biosynthesis by Pseudomonas aeruginosa, are located in the alginate biosynthetic gene cluster between the algD and algE genes. The nucleotide sequence of these two genes is presented. Although the functions of the Alg8 and Alg44 proteins are not known, we believe that they may be involved in the(More)
Alginate (Alg), a random polymer of mannuronic acid and glucuronic acid residues, is synthesized and secreted by Pseudomonas aeruginosa primarily during its infection of the lungs of cystic fibrosis patients. The molecular biology and biochemistry of the enzymatic steps leading to the production of the Alg precursor GDP-mannuronic acid have been elucidated,(More)
OBJECTIVES After a diagnosis of ovarian cancer, positive BRCA mutation status confers a transient mortality benefit that diminishes with time. The majority of women who survive for 10-12 years are effectively cured of their disease. Thus, it is important to estimate the probability of long-term survival by BRCA mutation status and treatment-related factors.(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this investigation was to compare outcomes of patients with clear cell carcinoma (CCC) and endometrioid carcinoma (EC) of the ovary associated with endometriosis to patients with ovarian papillary serous carcinoma (PSC). METHODS Patients with CCC and EC of the ovary associated with endometriosis were identified and matched by age and(More)
Pulmonary infection by mucoid, alginate-producing Pseudomonas aeruginosa is the leading cause of mortality among patients suffering from cystic fibrosis. Alginate-producing P. aeruginosa is uniquely associated with the environment of the cystic fibrosis-affected lung, where alginate is believed to increase resistance to both the host immune system and(More)
The alginate lyase-encoding gene (algL) of Pseudomonas aeruginosa was localized to a 1.7-kb EcoRI-XbaI fragment within the alginate biosynthetic gene cluster at 34 minutes on the chromosome. The nucleotide sequence of this DNA fragment revealed an ORF encoding a protein of M(r) 40,885 which is transcribed in the same orientation as the other alg genes(More)