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Membrane fusion and fission events in intracellular trafficking are controlled by both intraluminal Ca(2+) release and phosphoinositide (PIP) signalling. However, the molecular identities of the Ca(2+) release channels and the target proteins of PIPs are elusive. In this paper, by direct patch-clamping of the endolysosomal membrane, we report that(More)
Using the thyroid follicular cell as a model for multi-stage carcinogenesis, we have investigated the role of two potential negative growth regulators ('anti-oncogenes') in epithelial tumour progression--transforming growth factor-beta 1 (TGF beta 1) and p53. Normal follicular cells, as expected, showed marked growth inhibition in response to TGF beta 1.(More)
Voltage-gated calcium channels in the Ca(v)2 channel class are regulators of synaptic transmission and are highly modified by transmitter inputs that activate synaptic G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs). A ubiquitous form of G-protein modulation involves an inhibition of mammalian Ca(v)2.1 and Ca(v)2.2 channels by Gbetagamma dimers that can be relieved by(More)
Invertebrate L-type calcium channel, LCa(v) 1, isolated from the pond snail Lymnaea stagnalis is nearly indistinguishable from mammalian Ca(v) 1.2 (α1C) calcium channel in biophysical characteristics observed in vitro. These L-type channels are likely constrained within a narrow range of biophysical parameters to perform similar functions in the snail and(More)
Normal adult human thyroid follicular cells have an extremely limited proliferative capacity in vitro. No previously studied mitogen, including thyrotropin (TSH) or epidermal growth factor (EGF), has in our hands resulted in a significant improvement over the 3-4% nuclear [3H]thymidine pulse-labelling index (LI) obtainable with 10% fetal calf serum. Here we(More)
Primary cultures of normal human neonatal thyroid follicular cells were transfected with a plasmid expressing a temperature-sensitive (tsA58) mutant of SV40 large T antigen. An epithelial cell line, designated B-thy-ts.1, was obtained which showed tight temperature-dependent growth. In sharp contrast to previous such lines, which were derived from adult(More)
The accessory beta subunit (Ca(v)β) of calcium channels first appear in the same genome as Ca(v)1 L-type calcium channels in single-celled coanoflagellates. The complexity of this relationship expanded in vertebrates to include four different possible Ca(v)β subunits (β1, β2, β3, β4) which associate with four Ca(v)1 channel isoforms (Ca(v)1.1 to Ca(v)1.4)(More)
We describe the existence in normal human primary thyroid cultures of a hitherto unrecognised sub-population of epithelial cells. This variant phenotype is characterised by squamoid morphology, absence of thyroglobulin, and an altered profile of intermediate filament expression. We suggest that these cells are derived from scattered foci of squamous(More)
Retinoic acid, the active metabolite of vitamin A, is important for nervous system development, regeneration, as well as cognitive functions of the adult central nervous system. These central nervous system functions are all highly dependent on neuronal activity. Retinoic acid has previously been shown to induce changes in the firing properties and action(More)
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