Tawfik Mohammed Ghabrah

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BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Identification of insulin resistance (IR) in the general population is important for developing strategies to reduce the prevalence of non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM). We used the original and a modified version of the Quantitative Insulin Sensitivity Check Index (QUICKI, M-QUICKI), and the Homeostasis Model(More)
BACKGROUND Approximately 2 to 3 million pilgrims perform Hajj every year. We describe the pattern of diseases, complications, and outcome of pilgrims who required admission to intensive care units (ICUs) during the Hajj period of the Islamic year 1424 (2004). METHODS This was a cross-sectional study of all patients admitted to 104 ICU beds in four(More)
BACKGROUND A study was performed among university and school employees as a step in detecting the prevalence of coronary heart disease (CHD) risk factors among school and university staff and the relation of the various risk factors to hypercholesterolemia and to predict the 5-years probability of development of CHD. METHODS All university staff and a(More)
PURPOSE To identify the prevalence of handicapping disabilities among children up to 15 years of age and their epidemiological pattern in the eastern part of Jeddah. METHODS In a population-based cross-sectional household survey in the eastern Jeddah area, Saudi Arabia, a multistage sampling method was applied to screen children in 875 houses using the(More)
OBJECTIVE To review the safety, indications, complications of flexible fiberoptic bronchoscopies performed at university teaching hospital, and to correlate the bronchoscopic findings with radiology, histology, and history of smoking. METHODS A total of 124 consecutive flexible fiberoptic bronchoscopies were reviewed in the last 3 years. A special form(More)
We assessed hospital infection control knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) of healthcare workers (HCWs) during the Hajj season of the Islamic y 1423 (2003). A self-administered structured questionnaire was used to collect the data. A total of 392 HCWs was studied, of whom 215 (54.8%) were nurses and 177 (45.2%) were doctors. 315 (80.4%) HCWs worked in(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence, etiology and risk factors of treated end-stage renal disease (ESRD) in the region of Tabuk, Saudi Arabia. We studied 460 renal replacement therapy patients through a review of medical records and patient interviews and obtained patient demographics, family history, risk factors for ESRD,(More)
OBJECTIVES The objectives of this study were to explore the perception of body weight among students in schools in Jeddah City and identify the main determinants of self-perceived obesity, weight management goals and practices. MATERIAL AND METHODS Data were collected from a sample of Saudi school children of 42 boys' and 42 girls' schools in Jeddah city(More)
BACKGROUND The objective of this study was to assess the compliance of health care workers (HCWs) employed in Hajj in receiving the meningococcal, influenza, and hepatitis B vaccines. METHODS A cross-sectional survey of doctors and nurses working in all Mena and Arafat hospitals and primary health care centers who attended Hajj-medicine training programs(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) in the hemodialysis (HD) population in Jeddah and its risk factors. We studied 248 patients on HD in the Jeddah Kidney Center, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. The overall prevalence of HCV among these patients was 72.6%. Hepatitis C positive males (77.2%) were more than hepatitis C(More)