Tawfeeq Shekh-Ahmad

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Better treatment of status epilepticus (SE), which typically becomes refractory after about 30 min, will require new pharmacotherapies. The effect of sec-butyl-propylacetamide (SPD), an amide derivative of valproic acid (VPA), on electrographic status epilepticus (ESE) was compared quantitatively to other standard-of-care compounds. Cortical(More)
OBJECTIVE Valnoctamide (VCD), a central nervous system (CNS)-active chiral constitutional isomer of valpromide, the corresponding amide of valproic acid (VPA), is currently undergoing phase IIb clinical trials in acute mania. VCD exhibits stereoselective pharmacokinetics (PK) in animals and humans. The current study comparatively evaluated the(More)
sec-Butylpropylacetamide (SPD) is the amide derivative of valproic acid (VPA). SPD possess a wide-spectrum anticonvulsant profile better than that of VPA and blocks status epilepticus (SE) induced by pilocarpine and organophosphates. The activity of SPD on SE is better than that of benzodiazepines (BZDs) in terms of the ability to block SE when given 20-60(More)
PURPOSE Compare the pharmacokinetic (PK) profiles of immediate- and extended-release formulations of topiramate (TPM) in healthy subjects following multiple dosing, and evaluate maintenance of topiramate exposures after switching formulations. METHODS A randomized, open-label, single-center, two-way crossover, multiple-dose study comparing the(More)
PURPOSE sec-Butyl-propylacetamide (SPD) is a one-carbon homolog of valnoctamide (VCD), a central nervous system (CNS)-active amide derivative of valproic acid (VPA) currently in phase II clinical trials. The study reported herein evaluated the anticonvulsant activity of SPD in a battery of rodent seizure and epilepsy models and assessed its efficacy in rat(More)
OBJECTIVE 2-Ethyl-3-methylbutyl-carbamate (EMC) and 2-isopropylpentyl-carbamate (IPC) are among the most potent anticonvulsant carbamate derivatives of valproic acid. EMC and IPC are chiral compounds. Consequently, the aim of the current study was to comparatively evaluate the pharmacokinetic (PK) and pharmacodynamic (PD anticonvulsant activity) profile of(More)
sec-Butylpropylacetamide (SPD) is a one-carbon homologue of valnoctamide (VCD), a chiral constitutional isomer of valproic acid's (VPA) corresponding amide--valpromide. Racemic-SPD and racemic-VCD possess a unique and broad-spectrum antiseizure profile superior to that of VPA. In addition, SPD blocks behavioral and electrographic status epilepticus (SE)(More)
OBJECTIVES Mood stabilizers administered for bipolar disorder during pregnancy, such as valproic acid, can increase the risk of congenital anomalies in offspring. Valnoctamide is a valproic acid derivative associated with a decreased risk for congenital abnormalities in animals. The present study evaluated the efficacy and safety of valnoctamide(More)
sec-Butyl-propylacetamide (SPD) is a one-carbon homolog of valnoctamide (VCD), a chiral constitutional isomer of valproic acid's (VPA) corresponding amide valpromide. VCD has potential as a therapy in epilepsy including status epilepticus (SE) and neuropathic pain, and is currently being developed for the treatment of bipolar disorder. Both VCD and SPD(More)
PURPOSE To determine the cytotoxicity of valproic acid (VPA) and its derivatives in human hepatoblastoma (HepG2) cells, and to study the possible toxicity of these compounds in human lymphocytes from patients with known hypersensitivity syndrome reactions (HSRs) to other medication. METHODS Cells were exposed to physiological doses of VPA, valnoctamide(More)