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Pompe disease (glycogen storage disease II) is caused by mutations in the acid alpha-glucosidase gene. The most common form is rapidly progressive with glycogen storage, particularly in muscle, which leads to profound weakness, cardiac failure, and death by the age of 2 years. Although usually considered a muscle disease, glycogen storage also occurs in the(More)
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a fatal neurodegenerative disease of the motor system. Recent work in rodent models of ALS has shown that insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) slows disease progression when delivered at disease onset. However, IGF-1's mechanism of action along the neuromuscular axis remains unclear. In this study, symptomatic ALS mice(More)
Niemann-Pick type A disease is a lysosomal storage disorder caused by a deficiency in acid sphingomyelinase (ASM) activity. Previously we showed that storage pathology in the ASM knockout (ASMKO) mouse brain can be corrected by adeno-associated virus serotype 2 (AAV2)-mediated gene transfer. The present experiment compared the relative therapeutic efficacy(More)
We have established a line of transgenic mice expressing the A. victoria green fluorescent protein (GFP) under the control of the promoter for vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). Mice bearing the transgene show green cellular fluorescence around the healing margins and throughout the granulation tissue of superficial ulcerative wounds. Implantation(More)
Niemann-Pick A disease (NPA) is a fatal lysosomal storage disorder caused by a deficiency in acid sphingomyelinase (ASM) activity. The lack of functional ASM results in cellular accumulation of sphingomyelin and cholesterol within distended lysosomes throughout the brain. In this study, we investigated the potential of AAV-mediated expression of ASM to(More)
Niemann-Pick A (NP-A) is an inherited metabolic (lysosomal storage) disease characterized by neurovisceral accumulation of sphingomyelin due to deficiency of acid sphingomyelinase (ASM). An ASM knockout (ASMKO) mouse model of NP-A is available through targeted disruption of the parent gene. This study presents the pattern and time course of lysosomal(More)
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a fatal neurodegenerative disease characterized by motor neuron cell death in the cortex, brainstem, and spinal cord. Extensive efforts have been made to develop trophic factor-based therapies to enhance motor neuron survival; however, achievement of adequate therapeutic delivery to all regions of the corticospinal(More)
Niemann-Pick A (NPA) disease is a lysosomal storage disorder (LSD) caused by a deficiency in acid sphingomyelinase (ASM) activity. Previously, we showed that the storage pathology in the ASM knockout (ASMKO) mouse brain could be corrected by intracerebral injections of cell, gene and protein based therapies. However, except for instances where distal areas(More)
Canavan disease (CD) is an autosomal recessive disorder that leads to spongy degeneration in the white matter of the brain. Aspartoacylase (ASPA) synthesizing cells, oligodendrocytes, are lost in CD. Transplantation of neural progenitor cells (NPCs) offers an interesting therapeutic approach for treating neurodegenerative diseases by replacing the lost(More)
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a fatal neurodegenerative disease characterized by the progressive loss of upper and lower motor neurons. However, recent reports suggest an active role of non-neuronal cells in the pathogenesis of the disease. Here, we examined quantitatively the temporal development of neuropathologic features in the brain and spinal(More)